Skip Nav

10 Examples of Irony in Shakespeare

You must create an account to continue watching

❶Here are some of his best examples: Apostrophe in Keats' "Ode on a Grecian Urn" The works of Romantic poets of the nineteenth century, who were steeped in Greek poetry and myth, are also filled with apostrophe.

List of Apostrophe Examples

Related Questions
What Is the Climax in Romeo and Juliet?
Apostrophe Definition

In Macbeth , the title character plans the murder of Duncan, while feigning loyalty to him. Duncan does not know what Macbeth plans, but the audience does — and they may want to warn him! How many goodly creatures are there here! How beauteous mankind is! In The Tempest , Miranda does not know that Gonzalo is with her on the island, but both her father and the audience do know that he is there.

Rather, he is planning to stab Caesar on the Ides of March. There is a reason so many teachers use this play in high school — it is filled with all types of irony. In this scene, Juliet confuses her mother with her speech. She says that she is not ready to marry yet, but she is quite literally preparing herself to be wed that very night. Chat or rant, adult content, spam, insulting other members, show more. Harm to minors, violence or threats, harassment or privacy invasion, impersonation or misrepresentation, fraud or phishing, show more.

Romeo and Juliet Literary Terms? In Act 2 of Romeo and Juliet I need an example of: Conceit, Personification, Pun, Simile, and Apostrophe. Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Act 2 Scene 2, Romeo I am too bold, 'tis not to me she speaks: Two of the fairest stars in all the heaven, Having some business, do entreat her eyes To twinkle in their spheres till they return.

What if her eyes were there, they in her head? The brightness of her cheek would shame those stars, As daylight doth a lamp; her eyes in heaven Would through the airy region stream so bright That birds would sing and think it were not night.

Every night I fall asleep with you And I wake up alone. Apostrophe is used primarily to express strong emotion like love, hate, fear, or anger , but it allows the speaker or writer to do so by directly addressing the subject of their thoughts or feelings, which makes the expression less abstract.

Speakers or characters may use apostrophe to make an impassioned plea or prayer, to celebrate a happy occasion, or to lament a loss. The device creates a heightened emotional atmosphere in a literary work, often forming a peak in a given scene. Apostrophe can also serve a similar purpose as monologue or soliloquy , which gives deeper insight into a character's thoughts and feelings, and can also reveal a character's inner conflict.

Sign In Sign Up. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play.

LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Download this entire guide PDF. Apostrophe Definition What is apostrophe? Some additional key details about apostrophe: Apostrophe, the figure of speech, should not be confused with apostrophe, the punctuation mark. The word "apostrophe," which comes from ancient Greek, literally means "turning away," because to perform apostrophe on stage, an actor turns away from the scene to address an absent entity.

An apostrophe is often introduced by the exclamation "O," as when Juliet cries out: Apostrophe always addresses its object in the second person. Sometimes this address involves the word "you" or the more formal "thou. Take these two lines from William Wordsworth's "Prelude": There was a Boy: For instance, in the example below from the end of James Joyce's novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , Joyce has his main character Stephen Dedalus address "Life," but without ascribing any human qualities to it: Scholarly Debates About Apostrophe It's worth knowing that there is some debate among scholars about exactly what does and doesn't count as apostrophe.

Apostrophe and "Aversion" Though everyone agrees that apostrophe is a form of address to a silent listener, some scholars insist that apostrophe must involve what they call an "aversion," a turning away from an original audience to then address the subject of the apostrophe. For example, in the induction of Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew , the Lord is speaking to his huntsmen then suddenly he breaks off to exclaim: Apostrophe There is also some debate about whether all direct addresses from a writer to that writer's audience, sometimes known as "authorial intrusion," counts as a form of apostrophe.

Beaudelaire's poem "To The Reader" may therefore be considered an example of apostrophe, because Beaudelaire describes the reader and makes him come to life, addressing him directly at the end: Apostrophe in Elegies, Odes, and Other Poetic Forms A number of poetic forms are closely associated with apostrophes, such that these sorts of poems, more often than not, contain apostrophe.

In "Elegy for Jane," Roethke addresses Jane directly in the last stanza: If only I could nudge you from this sleep My maimed darling, my skittery pigeon. An ode, like an elegy, usually praises and describes its subject, as in Keats' "Ode to a Nightingale," in which he addresses his subject directly, from his opening line: Thou wast not made for death, immortal Bird! Apostrophe in The Odyssey One of the earliest and most famous examples of apostrophe in literature comes from Homer, who begins both The Iliad and The Odyssey with an invocation of the Muse.

The Odyssey begins with the following lines, which ask the Muse, a goddess of the arts, to help the author in his work: Apostrophe in Shakespeare's Macbeth Apostrophe pops up all over the place in Shakespeare, as his characters often address abstract ideas or inanimate objects while onstage.

In Macbeth , while Macbeth is struggling with whether to follow through with a planned murder, he sees an apparition of a dagger and addresses it: Apostrophe in Keats' "Ode on a Grecian Urn" The works of Romantic poets of the nineteenth century, who were steeped in Greek poetry and myth, are also filled with apostrophe.

In "Ode on a Grecian Urn," Keats speaks to a beautiful ancient vase, addressing it as a bride, a child, and a historian, and also as a kind of Muse, who, if it could speak, would write more eloquently than Keats himself: Thou still unravish'd bride of quietness, Thou foster-child of silence and slow time, Sylvan historian, who canst thus express A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme Apostrophe in Woolf's The Waves The modernist writer Virginia Woolf, who wrote in the early 20th century, also regularly used apostrophe in as part of the "stream of consciousness" that she often created for her characters.

Here, in Woolf's The Waves, one character, Rhoda, cries out in anger to "human beings": Examples of Apostrophe in Song Lyrics Many different genres of music make use of apostrophe, as it creates a direct emotional attachment between the singer and his or her subject.

Apostrophe in "Do You Remember Walter?

Apostrophe Examples

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

• Romeo and Juliet Act 2 Scene 2 Line 5 “Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon. In Romeo and Juliet, in one of the most famous and often quoted scenes from which Romeo speaks to Juliet on a balcony above him, Shakespeare uses another apostrophe in the form of a personification.

Privacy FAQs

Although several characters in "Romeo and Juliet" have apostrophes, Juliet's are probably the most prominent; she addresses Fortune in Act 3 Scene 5, a vial in Act 4 .

About Our Ads

Juliet laments her misfortune that Romeo is a Montague – the son of her father's enemy. Note that in this line Shakespeare uses apostrophe: a literary device in which the speaker addresses someone absent or dead or an inanimate object. The definition of apostrophe as a literary device is when a speaker breaks off from addressing one party and instead addresses a third party. This third party may be .

Cookie Info

When Bathasar, Romeo's man, reports that Juliet lies in "Capels' monument," Romeo is struck by this fatal news. He shouts to the sky, calling upon fate, using the literary device of apostrophe. Going into the story of Romeo and Juliet, most people think that they will hear a love story. However, in a situationally ironic turn, the story is actually a tragedy. Romeo and Juliet is actually a story of how two young teenagers lost their lives.