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Causes of the French Revolution of 1789

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❶The king was beheaded on the guillotine on January 21, In the Convention, they were known as the mountain because they sat on the high benches at the rear of the hall during meetings.




The American Revolution also influenced the coming of the French Revolution. The Philosophes planted the seeds for the French Revolution. Their goals were to expose and destroy the inequalities of the ancient regime old order. The political discontent of France was one of the causes of the Revolution.

In the 17th and 18th centuries, France was ruled by an absolute government. The king had all the political powers. Anyone who criticized the government could be arrested and put in prison without trial. He was more interested in hunting than governing France. They did not really care about the state of their country. The excerpt from the cahiers mentioned in document 3 shows that the votes in the assembly were not taken by head.

The people of the 3rd estate felt a sense of betrayal when the king supported the block voting over the head voting. The first two estates worked together to outvote the large third estate to keep them from becoming a threat to the power.

Lord Acton, an Englishmen, states that the monarchy being overthrown wasn't the spark of the Revolution. He recognizes the American Independence as the spark of the French Revolution. The French government was inefficient, unjust and corrupt.

There were numerous government departments, different laws in different parts of the country and officials. Many people became livid at the way France was governed. The people couldn't do anything to bring about a change. The French Parlement was called the Estates-General. It had not met since and couldn't without the consent of the king. It basically had no power. The economic problems created by the French kings also contributed to the Revolution.

During the 18th century, the French government spent more money than it collected in taxes. By , the country was bankrupt. Not all the goals were achieved but there was a great success on the way to reaching them. Bastille is the largest and the most famous French prison, which had been a symbol of suppression of lower classes for ages. A group of commoners dared storm the prison on 14th of July in This event provided the Third Estate with more power.

However, freedom and equality were not reached. The Third Estate developed and introduced the Civil Constitution, which appeared quite radical, providing the lower class with rights and freedom and limiting influence of monarchy and aristocracy. This means that the French Revolution succeeded in getting rights and relative freedom for the lower class but it did not reach the whole goal. For example, freedom for slavery in French colonies led to a disaster because slaves did not know what to do when they got this freedom.

Despite of all the achievements, the French Revolution gradually failed. The Third Estate, which was named the National Assembly, tried to protect the ideas of revolution and to save own power by pursuing people, who criticized the revolt, sentencing them to prisons and to death. This led to mistrust and disappointment of the lower class. To sum up, the French Revolution was not successful at reaching all the goals but it was a great step to creating a democratic society, which influenced history of the whole humanity.

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- The impact of the French Revolution on Ballet The French Revolution was a bloody civil war that lasted from the years [1] The revolution arose out of hard economic times that had befallen France.

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French Revolution The French Revolution last from to This war had many causes that began the revolution. Its causes ranged from the American Revolution, the economic crisis in France, social injustices to the immediate causes like the fall of Bastille, the Convening of he Estate-General, and the Great Fear.

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The French Revolution Essay Examples. total results. An Analysis of the Goals of the French Revolution Produced by the Enlightenment. words. 1 page. Was There's No Other Reason Than to Go to War? words. 2 pages. An Overview of Edmund Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution. The French Revolution brought about great changes in the society and government of France. The revolution, which lasted from to , also had far-reaching effects on the rest of Europe. “It introduced democratic ideals to .

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The French Revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate. The ideas of the intellectuals of the Enlightenment brought new views to government and society. Causes of the French Revolution of The French Revolution of had many long-range causes. Political, social, and economic conditions in France contributed to the discontent felt by many French people-especially those of the third estate.