Voisin writes, "male adolescents were equally as likely as female adolescents to belong to a gang" p. There has also been a significant increase in the female violent crime rate in the United States. In , "the male Violent Crime Index rate was 8. Their conclusion is that female adolescents have been "closing the gap with male adolescents in terms of being arrested and committing more violent crimes. In this original study, Voisin finds that "female adolescents were more likely to witness family violence, suggesting that for some of these girls, being raised in a dysfunctional family, coupled with community violence, may play some role in their gang involvement" p.
There is also a relationship between youth being arrested and youth being part of gangs, though the number of arrested youth who belong to gangs is difficult to estimate. Each year, approximately 2. Furthermore, an average of , youths age 18 and younger are incarcerated daily.
Incarceration rates, however, are not consistent across all adolescent populations. For example, the number of juvenile female detainees is increasing at a much faster rate than that of males. It should seem obvious that African American and Hispanic youths are not more inclined to criminal behavior merely due to their ethnicity. Rather, in looking at the percentage of African American and Hispanic youth who are living in ghetto-like conditions, this number would be a much higher percentage than the overall percentage of white youths living in such conditions.
Simply put, there is a disproportionate number of African American and Hispanic youths living in quite bad economic conditions in America's cities. Under such conditions, criminality and violence become more common, as does gang membership.
As Seals points out, "gang members report an astonishingly high rate of gun violence The rate of fatherless homes is also much higher among gang members than for non-gang members" , p.
Dysfunctional families, or broken homes, are quite common in impoverished communities compared to middle- and upper-class communities. Dysfunctional families are also the largest source of runaway youth. Rafferty and Raimondi point out that a high number of runaway youths become members of street gangs. Typically, groups are born through a shared idea or goal by similar individuals. Conflicts between groups are neither rare nor uncommon because of the simple fact that not all ideas will be shared by everyone in society.
In history, the basis of many wars has been mainly caused by religious differences. A similar comparison can be made between gangs and the other members of society. Different groups in society have different ways of achieving a variety of set goals such as money or status. Gangs do not have the same means of achieving wealth, happiness, respect or social status as mainstream society does.
These ideas of innovation are a result of gang members rejecting socially accepted means but accepting the ends or set goals. Deviant behavior has developed in gangs because of their way of obtaining money and status. In theory, gangs resort to violence and criminal activity because of their rejection to socially accepted, mainstream goals. For example, as the unemployment rate increases, research has found that property crime increases as well.
With this evidence we can conclude that there is a positive correlation between gang crime and mainstream issues like unemployment rates. In conclusion, we can see how gangs are seen as a problem in society because of their lack of conformity to social norms.
The prevalence of gangs Gangs have played a significant role in the criminal justice system and society overall. These groups overwhelm in numbers, according to the United States Department of Justice there are an estimated , members in over 24, gangs spread out over 3, jurisdictions. Most, if not all, gangs have been born in or around a big city like Los Angeles, California. The relevance of theoretical explanations of gang behavior There are a myriad of theories that have been created to attempt to explain human deviant behavior related to gangs specifically.
These theories are categorized according to their discipline; biological, sociological, psychological. Generally speaking, there are a number of theories used when analyzing criminal and deviant behavior such as: There are also classifications or levels of theories such as: Criminal theorist and researchers join forces in an inductive process, in which they interpret quantitative data, make empirical generalizations then finally produce a theory, leading to a factual-based hypothesis.
Anybody can be a random target for gangs so therefore nobody is safe in this world. Gangs also cause an increase in the juvenile crime rate. Gang members often but aside their education because it interferes with the gangs objectives. Those gang members who are not killed usually began to abuse alcohol and drugs.
They also develop police records that limit their chances of a good job in the future. People join gangs because they feel that it gives them some sort of identity. Being part of a gang causes the member to achieve a certain status that is not available outside of the gang. Another reason why people join gangs is because they live in a gang area and can be targeted by other gangs. They feel that if they join a gangs they will have some type of support if they are attacked by a rival gang.
Some people are forced to join gangs by being intimidated because the members feel it will help their criminal activity. Others join just so they can intimidate others not involved in a gang. Gangs try to start a confrontation with rival gangs in parks or at parties and the result of the violence usually claims innocent victims.
Gangs also vandalize property in the form of graffiti and the destruction of public and private property.
This paper gives in-depth information on gang activity in the U.S. and explores the causes of gang membership and examines several studies that have found correlations between gang membership and.
This sample Youth Gangs Research Paper features: + words (25 pages), an outline, APA format in-text citations, and a bibliography with 47 sources.
Free Gangs papers, essays, and research papers. The King of Gangs - Imagine war on the streets of Los Angeles, people shooting in open schoolyards, and on storefronts. This sample research paper on street gangs features: + words (25 pages), an outline, APA format in-text citations, and a bibliography with 47 sources.
brief agendas for research on gangs and adolescent violence and social policy related to the problem. Distinguishing Between Group and Other Collective Behavior Processes The definition of gangs employed in this paper . Jan 06, · Research Paper on Gang Violence Gang Violence is becoming more and more of a problem every day in America. More teens are being pressured into joining gangs than ever before.