The block format works well if you plan to spend more time on one idea than the other. With the point-by-point format, you alternate back and forth between the ideas, focusing on one point of comparison at a time.
When comparing two politicians, for example, you might first look at political party affiliations followed by political backgrounds, and then compare and contrast their positions on key issues. This method draws more attention to the differences between the two topics. The introduction sets the stage for the comparison and contrast explained in the body. Your thesis statement introduces the ideas being compared. For example, you could write, "Phonics and whole language methods both teach reading skills, but each method approaches language acquisition from a distinct perspective that influences teaching methodology.
If you're comparing two breeds of dogs, for instance, you might indicate that one breed is better as a family pet because of its characteristics. Once you've introduced the subject, lay out your specific points using either the block or point-by-point method. Both methods flow better when you transition smoothly from one section to the next.
Examples of phrases that emphasize comparisons and help transition include "on the contrary," "conversely," "compared to" and "similarly. All of these topic sentences and points of comparison should fit under the thesis you established in the introduction. State each point in specific terms rather than generic observations.
Instead of saying one gym has a better atmosphere than another, for example, you might explain how the better gym offers clean facilities with a wide range of equipment that is arranged to allow ample space and flow of traffic. Conclude the essay with a recap of the thesis statement and reasons the reader should care. Based in the Midwest, Shelley Frost has been writing parenting and education articles since Her experience comes from teaching, tutoring and managing educational after school programs.
Frost worked in insurance and software testing before becoming a writer. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in elementary education with a reading endorsement. How to Write a Position Paper.
Like apples, they can be eaten from the tree, squeezed into juices or processed into orange sauce. Compare and contrast points discussed in paragraphs one and two. One big difference between apples and oranges is the way they are processed.
Notice that while apples are pressed for juice, orange juice is squeezed from the orange. Another difference is that while apple juice contains only the liquid pressed from the apple, orange juice may also contain the pulp from the orange. Although applesauce contains the pureed pulp of the pared apple, orange sauce may contain bits of orange rind as well as the pulp of the fruit.
You can also limit your essay to discuss only one similarity and one difference between the two subjects. You can structure you essay to compare only similarities or to contrast only differences between your two subjects.
To avoid confusing your reader, it's best to follow the same order of representation in each paragraph. For instance, in example one notice that the order is subject one apples, comparison, and then contrast and followed by subject two oranges, comparison, and then contrast. You may want to try a couple of different formats for your topic in order to choose which best suits your subject. In addition, using appropriate transitions between paragraphs is very important in writing the compare and contrast essay.
Transitions help your essay flow smoothly from point to point yet keep your essay on topic. Cue Words Another technique in writing the compare and contrast essay is to use cue words that links one paragraph to the next. Cue words are clues to whether you are comparing your subjects or contrasting them and make it easier for your reader to understand your points. All you need do in writing a compare and contrast essay is take two subjects and show their similarities and their differences.
When writing a compare and contrast essay, the basic essay form of title, introduction, three paragraph body, and conclusion makes it one of the easiest essays to write.
A comparison and contrast essay dissects two related ideas. Like any essay, this paper needs a clear thesis, but the body focuses on specific traits that are similar or comparable, and different or contrasting, between the two ideas.
One of the most common is the comparison/contrast essay, in which you focus on the ways in which certain things or ideas—usually two of them—are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another.
A compare-and-contrast essay might seem like the easiest type of paper to write: just find things that are alike and then find things that are different. When writing a compare and contrast essay, the basic essay form of title, introduction, three paragraph body, and conclusion makes it one of the easiest essays to write. Before you begin writing, brainstorm to find similarities and differences between your subjects.
How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay Outline: A Point-By-Point Organization. By point-by-point, we merely mean a comparison that concentrates on comparing and contrasting one factor in both subjects, and all at the same time! As a reader, you’ll quickly follow its simple structure. A compare and contrast essay is a form of academic writing that is built around an examination of at least two items. There are two kinds of compare and contrast essays: one where you focus more on the similarities of chosen items, and one that contrasts their differences.