Although it may seem old fashioned, libraries are chock full of helpful research materials from books to newspapers and magazines to journals.
Typically, websites that end with. That is because these websites belong to schools, the government, or organizations dealing with your topic. Try changing your search query often to find different search results for your topic. There are special search engines and academic databases available that search through thousands of peer-reviewed or scientifically published journals, magazines, and books. Look for databases that cover your subject only.
For example, PsycINFO is an academic database that holds nothing but works done by authors in the field of psychology and sociology. This will help you to get more tailored results than a very general search would. Take advantage of this ability to ask for specific information by using as many of the query boxes as you can. Visit your school library and ask the librarian for a full list of the academic databases they subscribe to, as well as the passwords for each.
Get creative with your research. This should contain many more books and journals that are about your topic as well. This step is very important: Make marks on anything that you think might be remotely important or that could be put to use in your paper.
As you mark off important pieces in the research, add your own commentary and notes explaining to yourself where you might use it in your paper. Writing down your ideas as you have them will make writing your paper much easier and give you something to refer back to. Annotating your research can take quite a bit of time, but needs to be taken one step further in order to add a bit more clarity for the outlining process. Organize your notes by collecting all of your highlighted phrases and ideas into categories based on topic.
For example, if you are writing a paper analyzing a famous work of literature, you could organize your research into a list of notes on the characters, a list of references to certain points in the plot, a list of symbols the author presents, et cetera.
Try writing each quote or item that you marked onto an individual note card. That way, you can rearrange and lay out your cards however you would like. Color code your notes to make it easier. Write down a list of all the notes you are using from each individual resource, and then highlight each category of information in a different color.
For example, write everything from a particular book or journal on a single sheet of paper in order to consolidate the notes, and then everything that is related to characters highlight in green, everything related to the plot mark in orange, et cetera. As you go through your notes, mark down the author, page number, title, and publishing information for each resource. This will come in handy when you craft your bibliography or works cited page later in the game.
Identify the goal of the paper. Generally, speaking, there are two types of research paper: Each requires a slightly different focus and writing style which should be identified prior to starting a rough draft. An argumentative research paper takes a position on a contentious issue and argues for one point of view. The issue should be debatable with a logical counter argument. An analytic research paper offers a fresh look at an important issue.
The subject may not be controversial, but you must attempt to persuade your audience that your ideas have merit. This is not simply a regurgitation of ideas from your research, but an offering of your own unique ideas based on what you have learned through research.
Who would be reading this paper, should it be published? Although you want to write for your professor or other superior, it is important that the tone and focus of your paper reflect the audience who will be reading it.
The thesis statement is a sentence statement at the beginning of your paper that states the main goal or argument of your paper. Although you can alter the wording of your thesis statement for the final draft later, coming up with the main goal of your essay must be done in the beginning. All of your body paragraphs and information will revolve around your thesis, so make sure that you are clear on what your thesis is.
What is the primary question or hypothesis that you are going to go about proving in your paper? Your thesis should express the main idea of your paper without listing all of your reasons or outline your entire paper. Determine your main points.
The body of your essay will revolve around the ideas that you judge to be most important. Go through your research and annotations to determine what points are the most pivotal in your argument or presentation of information. What ideas can you write whole paragraphs about? Which ideas to you have plenty of firm facts and research to back with evidence?
Write your main points down on paper, and then organize the related research under each. When you outline your main ideas, putting them in a specific order is important. Place your strongest points at the beginning and end of your essay, with more mediocre points placed in the middle or near the end of your essay. Main ideas can be spread out over as many paragraphs as you deem necessary.
Depending on your paper rubric, class guidelines, or formatting guidelines, you may have to organize your paper in a specific way. For example, when writing in APA format you must organize your paper by headings including the introduction, methods, results, and discussion.
These guidelines will alter the way you craft your outline and final paper. With the aforementioned tips taken into consideration, organize your entire outline. Justify main points to the left, and indent subsections and notes from your research below each. The outline should be an overview of your entire paper in bullet points. Write your body paragraphs.
Although it may seem counter-intuitive, writing your introduction first may be more difficult to accomplish than starting with the meat of your paper. Starting by writing the main points focusing on supporting your thesis allows you to slightly change and manipulate your ideas and commentary.
Support every statement you make with evidence. Supply ample explanations for your research. The opposite of stating opinions without facts is stating facts with no commentary. Although you certainly want to present plenty of evidence, make sure that your paper is uniquely your own by adding commentary in whenever possible.
Avoid using many long, direct quotes. Although your paper is based on research, the point is for you to present your own ideas. Unless the quote you intend on using is absolutely necessary, try paraphrasing and analyzing it in your own words instead. Use clear segues into adjacent points in your paper. Your essay should flow well, rather than stopping and starting in a blunt fashion.
Make sure that each of your body paragraphs flows nicely into the one after it. Now that you have carefully worked through your evidence, write a conclusion that briefly summarizes your findings for the reader and provides a sense of closure. Start by briefly restating the thesis statement, then remind the reader of the points you covered over the course of the paper.
Slowly zoom out of the topic as you write, ending on a broad note by emphasizing the larger implication of your findings. First of all, the conclusion is easier to write when the evidence is still fresh in your mind. The introduction is, in many respects, the conclusion written in reverse: Avoid repeating exact phrases that you already used in the conclusion.
All research essays must be documented in certain ways in order to avoid plagiarism. Depending on the topic of your research and your field of study, you will have to use different styles of formatting. MLA, APA, and Chicago are the three most common citation formats and determine the way in-text citations or footnotes should be used, as well as the order of information in your paper. This format requires in-text citations. APA format is used by researchers in the social sciences field, and requires in-text citations as well.
Chicago formatting is used mainly for historical research papers and uses footnotes at the bottom of each page rather than in-text citations and works cited or references page. Edit your rough draft. Although it is tempting to simply read over your essay and use the spell-check tool, editing your paper should be a bit more in-depth. Have them edit for basic grammatical and spelling errors as well as the persuasiveness of your essay and the flow and form of your paper.
If you edit your own paper, wait at least three days before returning to it. Studies show that your writing is still fresh in your mind for days after finishing, and so you are more likely to skim over basic mistakes that you would otherwise catch. If they suggest that you rewrite a section of your paper, there is probably a valid reason for their request. Take the time to edit your paper thoroughly. Create the final draft.
When you have edited and re-edited your paper, formatted your work according to the subject matter, and finalized all the main points, you are ready to create the final draft. Go through your paper and fix all mistakes, rearranging information if necessary.
Adjust the font, line spacing, and margins to meet the requirements set by your professor or profession. If necessary, create an introduction page and a works cited or references page to bookend your paper. Writing a research paper is more technical and detailed than writing an essay. However, writing a research paper is similar with writing an essay in some ways.
Just as an essay requires an essay format, students must also note that a research paper format is also necessary for a research paper.
The format to be used is dependent on the topic which you have chosen. P rof E ssays. However, it remains that the format used on research papers has similar elements. Here are the fundamentals of formatting your research paper , as provided by P rof E ssays.
Some of the equally important element of essay writing includes: The substance of an essay, more or less, becomes the gauge of teachers in identifying the validity of the essay.
Menu How Can We Help? If you have any doubts and questions as to format of your research paper and reference style to be applied in it, you should definitely look for a research paper template. Just google this keyword and you will get hundreds of results. However, do not trust all sources of information you will be offered. Who wants to be misled is his or her research?
Use information from trusted sites only. Thus, we prepared several templates in different styles that you can use while writing your research paper:. If you find yourself having difficulty in writing a professional essay, your best option is to look for a custom research papers on P rof E ssays. We are a professional service writing company who can provide you with any type of essay that is of high quality. Our team of professional and certified academic writers has proven their capabilities over time with the number of satisfied patrons that we have serviced.
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With rates that are reasonable, ProfEssays. Read more on the following topics: College students are expected to deliver high quality research papers that meet strict requirement as to contents and form. College essay format does not differ much from a traditional format for a research paper.
Sure thing, high school students are not required to perform deep analysis of various issues, unlike college students. So, first and foremost, a college research paper must be informative. It usually has title page, abstract, introduction, body and conclusions. The contents of the body depend on what type of research paper you are required to write analytical, argumentative, etc. APA is a popular reference style used in many forms of academic writing. This style is familiar mostly to students engaged in social studies.
If you are not aware of APA requirements just type in Google or any other search engine APA format and you are sure to get plenty of results. There is not much to be known about APA. You have to pay attention to margins, fonts, citation options, reference list format and research paper structure.
A research paper is an expanded essay that presents your own interpretation or evaluation or argument. When you write an essay, you use everything that you personally know and have thought about a subject.
Without a doubt, a proper research paper service providing you with authentic papers done from scratch is the number one choice to fit any occasion. Is it an essay, coursework or report, a finely customized paper written from square one according to your task specifications is a solution you’d really want trying.
Research paper may refer to. Academic paper (also called scholarly paper), which is in academic journals and contains original research results or reviews existing results or show a totally new invention; Position paper, an essay that represents the author's opinion; Term paper, written by high school or college students; Thesis or dissertation, a document submitted in support of a. Topic Selection and Analysis It is obvious that a research essay must have a topic, but what sort of topic? Some professors will give you a list and ask you to choose one.
A good way to begin the research essay is through recording information on note cards so these can be used in the writing process. Write down who wrote the article, the title of the article, the name of the journal or website, and the date. This information can be put in the body of the term paper and later in the works cited page. Jun 11, · Best Research Paper Topics It is well known fact that writing a research paper is hard. The biggest problem students usually struggle with is finding research paper topic. The main difficulty is that topic is the most important element of the whole research paper.