When we use the word quantitative to describe quantitative dissertations , we do not simply mean that the dissertation will draw on quantitative research methods or statistical analysis techniques. Classic routes that you can follow include replication-based studies , theory-driven research and data-driven dissertations.
However, irrespective of the particular route that you adopt when taking on a quantitative dissertation, there are a number of core characteristics to quantitative dissertations:. They are mainly underpinned by positivist or post-positivist research paradigms. They draw on one of four broad quantitative research designs i. They try to use probability sampling techniques , with the goal of making generalisations from the sample being studied to a wider population , although often end up applying non-probability sampling techniques.
They use research methods that generate quantitative data e. They draw heavily on statistical analysis techniques to examine the data collected, whether descriptive or inferential in nature. They assess the quality of their findings in terms of their reliability , internal and external validity , and construct validity. You will learn more about the characteristics of quantitative dissertations, as well as being able to choose between the three classic routes that are pursued in quantitative research: Qualitative dissertations , like qualitative research in general, are often associated with qualitative research methods such as unstructured interviews, focus groups and participant observation.
Whilst they do use a set of research methods that are not used in quantitative dissertations, qualitative research is much more than a choice between research methods.
Qualitative research takes a particular approach towards the research process , the setting of research questions , the development and use of theory , the choice of research strategy , the way that findings are presented and discussed, and so forth. Overall, qualitative dissertations will be very different in approach, depending on the particular route that you adopt e. Classic routes that you can follow include autoethnographies , case study research , ethnographies , grounded theory , narrative research and phenomenological research.
However, irrespective of the route that you choose to follow, there are a number of broad characteristics to qualitative dissertations:. They follow an emergent design , meaning that the research process , and sometimes even the qualitative research questions that you tackle, often evolve during the dissertation process.
Click here to ask a question about this article. Dissertation Help How to write a methodology? How to Structure the Methodology Chapter? How to write a methodology. How to write a methodology? Subscribe If you enjoyed this article, subscribe to receive more just like it. Subscribe Enter your email address below to receive helpful student articles and tips. Error, group does not exist! What are the advantages and disadvantages of the doctrine?
Aims to mirror scientific method. Uses deductive reasoning, empirical evidence and hypothesis testing. Quantitative data, surveys based on scientific methods, larger sample sets, numeric. The world is knowable, and this knowledge is communicable between agents.
An approach to studying people, particularly in social sciences, that starts from position that the subject matter is inherently different from non-human subjects. Qualitative data, subjective experience, small numbers of respondents, detailed examinations, textual. The world is dependent on the many subjective experiences of that world, and does not exist independently of experience. Shares the main assumptions of positivism, but takes a more relativistic perspective.
There is an objective world, but knowledge of it is filtered through the subjective experience of individuals. In general, your literature review will come before your methodology. This is because when you review the literature you identify what has been researched and what gap in the research is clear that results in you generating hypotheses. Then, you decide how you will go about with the process of your data collection and what methods such as qualitative or quantitative you will use: Your email address will not be published.
You should also be aware that the dissertation methodology will also have to decide on a number of other things in the research process, such as: Thank you for your time Jemma Hayes.
Jemma, In general, your literature review will come before your methodology.
Types of research methods can be classified into several categories according to the nature and purpose of the study and other attributes. In methodology chapter of your dissertation, you are expected to specify and discuss the type of your research according to the following classifications.
This section of your dissertation or thesis should set your research in the context of its theoretical underpinnings. The methodology should also explain the weaknesses of your chosen approach and how you plan to avoid the worst pitfalls, perhaps by triangulating your data with other methods, or why you do not think the weakness is relevant.
Doctoral research is the cornerstone of a PhD program. In order to write the dissertation, you must complete extensive, detailed research, and there are different types of research for different types of studies—involving very different methodology. The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist).
Dec 06, · The main research question and sub-questions of your dissertation and requirements of your institution or supervisor together determine what research types and methods you choose.. How should I decide on my dissertation research methodology? There are two fundamental decisions you have to make when creating your dissertation methodology: the kind of research you will undertake and the methods /5(69). In writing your dissertation, you’re likely to be taking a practical or a theoretical approach, even though both practical and theoretical considerations are of the utmost importance in social science research. For an undergraduate dissertation, your examiner is going to expect you to choose a.