According to Austin, a constitution is that body of rules which fixes structure of the supreme government. Maclver defines constitution as "that law which governs the state and which represents the will beyond that of the state". SLR James Meintosh defines constitution as the body of those written or unwritten fundamental laws which regulate the most important rights of higher magistrates and the most essential important privileges of the subjects.
It is the fundamental law reflecting the will of the people. It determines powers and responsibilities of the state. It is in accordance with the constitution that the state makes laws, executes them and punishes their breach. Woolsey defines constitution as "a collection of principles according to which the powers of the government and the rights of the governed are determined and the relation between the two adjusted. Finer briefly defines a constitution as a "system of fundamental political institutions.
Each state was creating their own constitutions. The first state to complete their constitution was New Hampshire. Constitutions had a bicameral Two house Legislature, a Governor to enforce laws, and Judges to interpret the laws. The first national government was the Articles of the Confederation.
The Articles was a weak government were all of the power was in the states. The group formed because farmers were starting to lose their land because they could not pay off their debt. The rebellion failed at destroying the government but it showed people that their government was too weak and that they needed change. In response to all of the unrest about a change in government, the people held the Constitutional Convention. The constitutional convention was only created to revise the Articles, but instead we came up with a different government.
Two plans were talked about during the convention, the Virginia Plan, which favored large states, and the New Jersey plan, which favored smaller states. Everyone finally got into an agreement except for the Southern States. After everyone was in agreement, the members of the Constitutional Convention signed the United States Constitution and added in the Bill of Rights, which are now the first 10 out of 27 amendments.
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Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised History work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. The United States Constitution. The United States Constitution is a system of basic laws and principles that defines the rights of American citizens and sets limits on what the government can and cannot do.
It provides the framework for the federal national government and establishes a system of federalism , by which responsibilities are divided between the national government and the states' governments. One of the important principles on which the Constitution is based is the separation of powers , which divides power between the three separate branches of the federal government.
The legislative branch represented by Congress has the power to create laws; the executive branch represented by the president and his advisers has the power to enforce laws; and the judicial branch represented by the Supreme Court and other federal courts has the power to dismiss or reverse laws that it determines are "unconstitutional.
When the United States won its independence from England in , a majority of Americans felt a stronger allegiance to their individual states than to their new country. Most people did not wish to create a strong national government, far away from their homes, over which they felt they would have little or no control -- they had just fought a long and bitter war to free themselves from such a government. In response to these suspicions, leaders organized the new American government according to a document known as the Articles of Confederation.
The Articles gave each state a great deal of independence and represented little more than a league of friendship between them. The main purpose of the Articles was to establish a system by which the states could co-operate if they needed to defend themselves against a foreign enemy.
The Articles established a Congress that could raise an army and a navy, but only when the states gave permission. Congress also had the authority to issue and borrow money and to handle foreign and Indian affairs. Congress could also pass laws, yet it did not have the power to make the states obey them. Nor was it able to control citizen uprisings, such as Shays' Rebellion , which occurred from to Farmers in western Massachusetts staged violent protests against their state government.
As a result of this and other similar revolts, many people began to feel that a stronger national government might be necessary after all.
In leaders in Virginia passed a resolution calling for delegates from the 13 states to meet in Annapolis, Maryland, to discuss the nation's problems. Their goal was to amend change the Articles to make the national government more effective. But only twelve representatives from five states attended this Annapolis Convention , so they resolved to call another meeting the following year. On May 14, , delegates from twelve of the states all except Rhode Island began to gather in Philadelphia, and the Constitutional Convention opened in Independence Hall on May 25th.
In attendance were many remarkably talented scholars, philosophers, war leaders, and politicians. Alexander Hamilton, representing New York, was largely responsible for arranging the Constitutional Convention. Benjamin Franklin, representing Pennsylvania, freely offered the incomparable wisdom of his 81 years. Gouverneur Morris, also from Pennsylvania, headed up the committee that actually wrote the Constitution.
George Washington, from Virginia, took the chair as president of the convention.
An Essay on the Constitution - After gaining independence, Americans created a unique government. Purposefully diverging from the seams of a monarchial government, Americans created a new one from the ideas of republicanism.
The document I chose to write about is the United States Constitution. When the thirteen British colonies in North America declared their independence in , they laid down that “governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” The.
Free Essay: The Constitution The Constitution of the United States was written as a set of rules for this country. Many of the "rules" have helped. Free Essay: When the Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution in , the United States just had 13 states. The Founding Fathers believed that more states.
U.S Constitution essays In , a few years after America broke away from England, the constitution we use today was made. Before that, starting in , the states operated under a government they called the "Articles of Confederation." This government basically said that each state shou. Constitution Essay Our constitution is the basis of what this country is about. This country stands for freedom and starting a life where you truly have the free will to .