In the latest tsunami on 26th December, in Indian Ocean caused because of an undersea disturbance which was the result of an 8. It is estimated that more than 1 million people lost their lives and more than this are missing and the total loss must be of hundred of crores. Tsunami affected India's southern part. Joggers on the Marina Beach in Chennai and fishermen all over the Tamil Nadu coast got a jolt of their lives as these deadly waves lashed these coastal areas within seconds and washed away over 25, people, leaving equal number untraceable.
Tsunami struck India for the first time in the recorded history. The country 3 still coming to grips with nature and scale of disaster. Three millions out of these affected are in Indonesia alone and another one million in Sri Lanka. The rest were spread between India, Maldives and other nations hit by tsunami waves. But the most surprising is that wildlife in Sri Lanka's biggest national park survived the December's tsunami, but it was probably keen senses and the lay of the land rather than any mysterious instinct danger enabled animals to scamper to safety.
It is an ancient belief that animals have a sixth sense for danger and this sense must have a med animals of tsunami's approach. Geography and planning saved Maldives from these deadly tsunami.
While standing on the highest point rock of the Maldives and looking down the Indian Ocean less than 3 meters below, it is easy to see why this nation of low-lying atolls fears rising sea-levels will one day wipe it off the map.
In , ten-year-old Tilly Smith of Surrey, England, was on Maikhao beach in Phuket, Thailand with her parents and sister, and having learned about tsunamis recently in school, told her family that a tsunami might be imminent. Her parents warned others minutes before the wave arrived, saving dozens of lives.
She credited her geography teacher, Andrew Kearney. In the Indian Ocean tsunami drawback was not reported on the African coast or any other east-facing coasts that it reached.
This was because the wave moved downwards on the eastern side of the fault line and upwards on the western side. The western pulse hit coastal Africa and other western areas. A tsunami cannot be precisely predicted, even if the magnitude and location of an earthquake is known. Geologists, oceano graphers, and seismologists analyse each earthquake and based on many factors may or may not issue a tsunami warning.
However, there are some warning signs of an impending tsunami, and automated systems can provide warnings immediately after an earthquake in time to save lives. One of the most successful systems uses bottom pressure sensors, attached to buoys, which constantly monitor the pressure of the overlying water column. Regions with a high tsunami risk typically use tsunami warning systems to warn the population before the wave reaches land.
On the west coast of the United States, which is prone to Pacific Ocean tsunami, warning signs indicate evacuation routes. In Japan, the community is well-educated about earthquakes and tsunamis, and along the Japanese shorelines the tsunami warning signs are reminders of the natural hazards together with a network of warning sirens, typically at the top of the cliff of surroundings hills.
It monitors Pacific Ocean seismic activity. A sufficiently large earthquake magnitude and other information triggers a tsunami warning. While the subduction zones around the Pacific are seismically active, not all earthquakes generate tsunami. Computers assist in analysing the tsunami risk of every earthquake that occurs in the Pacific Ocean and the adjoining land masses. Millions of people around the world live in areas at risk for tsunamis, such as Hawaii, Alaska, the US and Canadian coasts, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and India and millions more visit these places every day.
In the event of a tsunami, following are answers to the most commonly asked questions: A tsunami is a series of ocean waves generated by sudden movements in the sea floor, landslides, or volcanic activity.
In the deep ocean, the tsunami wave may only be a few inches high. The tsunami wave may come gently ashore or may increase in height as it gets closer to shore to become a fast moving wall of turbulent water several meters high. Tsunamis are quite rare compared to other hazardous natural events, but they can be just as deadly and destructive. As a result of their rarity, tsunami hazard planning along the US and Canadian west coasts, Alaska and within the Pacific Region is inconsistent.
Even in locations with a history of deadly tsunamis, an adequate level of awareness and preparedness is difficult to achieve. Although a tsunami cannot be prevented, the effect of a tsunami can be reduced through community preparedness, timely warnings, and effective response. NOAA is leading the world in providing tsunami observations and research. Through innovative programs, NOAA is helping coastal communities prepare for possible tsunamis to save lives and protect property.
When tsunami activity is detected, NOAA issues tsunami watch, warning, and information bulletins to appropriate emergency officials and the general public by a variety of communication methods. The warning includes predicted tsunami arrival times at selected coastal communities within the geographic area defined by the maximum distance the tsunami could travel in a few hours.
If a significant tsunami is detected, the tsunami warning is extended to the entire Pacific Basin. For example, the State of Hawaii is addressing tsunami risk through the Hazard Education and Awareness Tool HEAT , a Web site template that uses Google Maps technology, spatial hazard data, and preparedness information to help increase awareness of coastal hazards.
HEAT project partners in Hawaii include state and local planning and civil defense officials, the Red Cross and other disaster relief agencies. Develop a Family Disaster Plan. Learn about tsunami risk in your community. Find out if your home, school, workplace or other frequently visited locations are in tsunami hazard areas.
Know the height of your street above sea level and its distance from the coast or other high-risk waters. Evacuation orders may be based on these numbers. Find out if your community is Tsunami Ready. If you are visiting an area at risk from tsunamis, check with the hotel, motel, or campground operators for tsunami evacuation information and how you would be warned.
If possible, pick an area feet above sea level or go up to two miles inland, away from the coastline. Every foot inland or upwards may make a difference. Familiarity may save your life. Be able to follow your escape route at night and during inclement weather. Practicing your plan makes the appropriate response more instinctive, requiring less thinking during an actual emergency situation. The tone alert feature will warn you of potential danger even if you are not currently listening to local radio or television stations.
Ask about the National Flood Insurance Program. Everyone should know what to do in case all family members are not together. Discussing the dangers of tsunamis and your evacuation plans ahead of time will help reduce fear and anxiety, and let everyone know how to respond. Review flood safety and preparedness measures with your family. Prepare a supply kit equipped to sustain you and your family for about a week and make sure it is readily accessible in case you need to take quick action.
Sheltering your pet or evacuating it with you can have an effect on your overall plan. You may need to take special steps to make sure your pet is safe before, during, and after the disaster. When local and state officials issue warnings and evacuation notices, adhere to their directions and implement your disaster plan immediately.
Tsunami Ready helps community leaders and emergency managers strengthen their local operations. Tsunami Ready communities are better prepared to save lives through better planning, education and awareness. Communities have fewer fatalities and property damage if they plan before a tsunami arrives. No community is tsunami proof, but Tsunami Ready can help minimize loss to your community.
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ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on the Tsunami of 26th December ! On 26th December , the Indian Ocean was hit by tsunamis which are considered to be the most catastrophic in the living memory of the inhabitants of the coastal areas of this ocean. It was caused by a severe earthquake which measured on the Richter [ ].
Free Essay: On December 26, the world experienced the most devastating natural disaster to hit the Indian Ocean. It was classified as a tsunami, a.
Essay on Tsunami, December 26th the disaster that was caused by the Tsuanmi, and it takes a look into its sociological persepctives. There has been an abounding number of earthquakes and tsunamis, but the Indian Earthquake/Tsunami was the most tragic one that has ever happened. For just the reparation it costs 19 trillion U.S. dollars, additionally acres of land were destroyed. This is the Indian Earthquake/Tsunami of
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