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Ethical Considerations

Introduction

❶Corbin J, Strauss A. Ethical standards also protect the confidentiality and anonymity of the subjects.

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Research ethics
How to write a good ethics application

Skip to main content Skip to navigation. Writing a good application is a key component of the ethics review and approval process. A good application will demonstrate consideration of all aspects of the design of your research proposal and consideration for your prospective research participants. Written in plain English, and clearly communicating all aspects of your human research ethics application, the quality of your application documents will significantly affect the time taken to review and approve your project.

Tips for preparing good application documents How do I write a good application for human research ethics approval? A good human research ethics application will increase your chances of gaining ethics approval to commence your research at the earliest opportunity.

Information and consent issues for research participants In most human research projects, obtaining informed consent from prospective research participants is based on the Participant Information Form PIF and the Participant Consent Form PCF.

It is essential that researchers provide appropriate consideration in constructing these documents with the objective of providing a clear and comprehensive explanation of all aspects of the research proposal as the foundation for obtaining informed consent from participants. A good PIF will address the following items: Use plain language and clearly explain the research at the level of understanding of prospective participants.

Provide a succinct, plain language title for the research project. Introduce the Chief Investigator CI responsible for the research project. Introduce other key members of the research team.

Introduce student researchers, if any. Note that a student researcher cannot be a CI. The aims and objectives of the project. The methods, techniques and procedures to be used. The demands on participants e. How prospective participants have been identified and selected for contact regarding potential recruitment. That participation in the research project is entirely voluntary. That, if the person consents to participate in the research project, they have the right to withdraw at any time without a need to explain why and without prejudice.

Identify and explain data and information issues: The confidentiality with which data will be stored. Will the data being collected be identifiable, non-identifiable, or re-identifiable.

Purpose for collecting the data. Uses of data, including levels of aggregation being used. Intentions, or potential, for the publication of data. How, where and for how long will data be stored. The use of an IRB also helps to protect the institution and the researchers against potential legal implications from any behavior that may be deemed unethical.

Examples of some of these issues include voluntary participation and informed consent. These principles are followed to guarantee that all human subjects are choosing to participate of their own free will and that they have been fully informed regarding the procedures of the research project and any potential risks.

Ethical standards also protect the confidentiality and anonymity of the subjects. Review the following slideshow to begin understanding the key ethical considerations for researchers and the history of ethical issues in research. This slideshow is a comprehensive discussion of ethical issues that researchers may face and provides definitions of key terminology for new researchers. This slideshow includes the use of case studies to illustrate many of these considerations.

The following video discusses all types of ethical considerations in research including use of human subjects, consent, plagiarism, guiding principles, and so forth. The following website discusses common codes and policies regarding ethics in research. Ethics in Research - The Web Center for Social Research Methods - Some of the key terminology associated with research ethics are described on this site, as well as a brief history of ethical considerations in research.

Ethics in Research and Publication - This website is a comprehensive set of resources that are helpful in learning examining and learning about ethical issues in research.

The site contains webcasts, PDFs, examples, links to other sites and numerous other resources. It covers a broad range of topics including plagiarism, conflict of interest, scientific misconduct, and many other topics relating to research ethics. Ethics in Research - There are many ethical considerations when conducting research.

This presentation defines and describes various types of ethical misconduct and gives examples. What is an IRB and its Purpose? What is the purpose of an IRB and how does a researcher know when they need to use it? Ethics Video Series - This series of eight YouTube videos looks at all types of ethical considerations relating to research and publishing. This pin will expire , on Change. This pin never expires.

So, you can strengthen your proposal by addressing ethics carefully and in a way that reflects in detail on the ethical implications of the study design. Funders also emphasised that ethics questions apply throughout the lifecourse of a project. So, you need to consider the possible questions at each stage of your planned work and address each of those in the ethics section of the proposal. Of course, this depends very much on the topic you are researching, but you need to think about what to do if you do accidentally cause distress to your research respondents through your questions.

Is it ever ok for people to cry? If they do, do you know how you will respond? What if they get angry with you? Especially when researching sensitive subjects, research can sometimes be upsetting for researchers.

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Ethical issues Things to consider regarding ethical issues with participants: consent forms (which state overall purpose and any risks or benefits of participating). potential risks that could be involved in any questioning (emotional distress, dignity). confidentiality of participants (anonymity). feedback of .

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The ethics committee’s role is to consider that what you are doing is appropriate and proportionate to your research aims. If a research proposal raises ethical issues, the committee will ask the researcher to look again at the issue, and consider whether they could do it differently.

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They noted that peer reviewers will always be asked to comment on the ethics of the proposed research, and highlighted the following: One funder commented that ‘there are ethical considerations for all proposals’ – regardless of methodology – and went on to say that it shows a lack of understanding to consider design in isolation without accounting for ethics. Ethical Considerations can be specified as one of the most important parts of the research. Dissertations may even be doomed to failure if this part is missing. According to Bryman and Bell ()[1] the following ten points represent the most important principles related to ethical considerations.

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Ethical Considerations in EC Research Proposals Mary Sharp. University of Dublin Trinity College Acknowledgement I would like to acknowledge Francois Hirsch of the European Commission for allowing me ÆScientific evaluators identify the proposals raising ethical issues and needing ethical reviews. Identify ethical considerations. Describe the purpose of the the Institutional Review Board. List and explain the ethical issues that must be considered when using human subjects. Ethical considerations in research are critical. Ethics are the norms or standards for .