In conclusion, the paper affirms that the ability to lift women out of poverty is circumscribed by legal, social and political economies. Also, some social and cultural exclusion deny women right to formal employment, thus encouraging female poverty. For these reasons, empowerment of women is a crucial ingredient of the huge struggle to fight female poverty.
Therefore, proper distribution of properties, transforming discriminatory laws and creating jobs for women would be inevitable in the war towards alleviating female poverty. There are a lot of things that students do to make their essay writing task easier, but if they are short in time, then it is better not to experiment.
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Feminization of Poverty Essay. How to cite this page Choose cite format: Of the poor, the disproportionate number has always comprised women and children. However, more recently, the proportion of women and children among those living at or below the poverty line has been increasing.
This phenomenon — referred to as the feminization of poverty — is not only national, but global as well. Within the United States, the feminization of poverty is the result of several factors including a dramatic growth in families in which a woman is the head of the household, a decline in the proportion of the elderly who are living at or below the poverty level, and continuing gender stratification with concomitant wage inequality between women and men.
These women tend to be young, a fact that, coupled with a decrease in wages of young workers in recent years, makes such households more at risk for poverty. Another reason for the increasing number of young women who are heads of households is that extended families—which were the center of familial life for many generations—have become increasingly replaced by nuclear families. This means, for example, that a divorced woman is more likely to set up her own household rather than move back in with her parents.
Similarly, single teenage mothers are more likely to set up their own households rather than to continue to live with their parents. As a result, in both these types of situations, a new female head of household situation is created Pressman, In addition, the divorce rate in this country is relatively high and mothers often receive little child support from their former spouses or the fathers of their children, factors that compound to increase the likelihood of women needing to support a family with insufficient income.
Further, women tend to live longer than men, making older women more at risk for poverty as their sources of income traditionally lower because of gender stratification run out. In addition, many observers conflict theorists in particular also note that the feminization of poverty is due to other features of discrimination against women, most notably sexual harassment, sexual discrimination in the job market, and the difficulty in finding affordable child care.
Because of such factors, women living in poverty tend to live with lower income than men living in poverty. Some observers have suggested that the feminization of poverty is a result of lower educational achievement by women. However, statistics show that education levels have increased rapidly not only in general but for women in particular since the era of World War II.
A more promising explanation, therefore, is the changing age in racial makeup of households headed by women. Despite the alarmingly high figures for the feminization of poverty, not all women living at or below the poverty line are doing so permanently.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Essay on Feminization Poverty! The gap between women and men in the cycle of poverty is a phenomenon commonly referred to as ‘the feminization of poverty’. This term is used by social scientists to refer to the increasing proportion of the female poor in a country.
Feminization of Poverty Essay The term feminization of poverty was first coined by Diana Pierce in in an attempt to describe the changing demography of the poor in the United States since
One of the Biggest Challenges for Women Today: The Feminization of Poverty The division of labour and education along gender lines, racial inequalities and discrimination, and unpaid domestic labour all contribute to the growing feminization of poverty. The feminization of poverty is the phenomenon in which an increasing proportion of those living at or below the poverty line are women. This is an important issue not only because it affects women, but because women tend to live longer than men and be at greater risk of living in poverty in their old age, and also because the poverty of women frequently represents the poverty of children.
The term feminization of poverty describes the disproportionate amount of women who are poor, and its link to the division of labour along gender lines (Calixte, Johnson, & Motapanyane, ). The Canadian Labour Congress reported that in , women working full time earned cents to the dollar that every male in a comparable job earned (as cited in Calixte, et al., , p. Feminization Of Poverty An examination of the feminization of poverty is viewed as an underscore in women and gender development. Gender inequalities against women, development of female-headed households, and deprivation of some fundamental human rights on and economic activities is the basis of the feminization of poverty.