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Step 10: Research Paper Conclusion

Make Your Conclusion Effective

❶Material of this type should be included in the body of the paper, and not in the conclusion.

What Has Your Research Shown?

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What is a Conclusion: Defining the Term
Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion

Every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there are also several tactics you can play around with to craft a more effective conclusion and several you should avoid in order to prevent yourself from weakening your paper's conclusion. Here are some writing tips to keep in mind when creating the conclusion for your next research paper.

It is true that you should reread the topic sentence of each paragraph or section of your article to help you summarize the main points of your paper.

Your topic sentence should include the main point of that paragraph or section, which you can then use in your conclusion. But remember that there are other ways you can summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion.

You should definitely briefly restate each point in your conclusion. A single sentence for each point should suffice. Try to use different wording, as well; don't just copy and paste the same language you used before. However, there are other ways you can summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion.

It is true that you should avoid repeating your supporting details in your conclusion. Just restate the main points in the most concise way. But keep in mind that there are other ways you can summarize the main points of your paper in your conclusion. Click on another answer to find the right one You should absolutely avoid introducing new information in your conclusion.

All of your research should be included the body of the paper. Your conclusion merely summarizes what is contained in the body and wraps it up. Still, there are other ways you can summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion.

To summarize the main points of your article in the conclusion, reread the topic sentence of each paragraph or section, briefly restate each point, do not include supporting details and avoid introducing new information.

Remember that a good research paper will make clear arguments in the body of the paper so you do not need to write an elaborate defense of your topic in the conclusion. Read on for another quiz question. You do not need to answer the question that you posed in your introduction in your conclusion.

This is a way of getting the reader to form their own conclusion. Remember that if you use this tactic, the answer to your question should be clear from the arguments you've made in the body of your paper. It is true that you do not need to answer the question you posed in your introduction!

If you want to bring things full circle, you certainly can answer the question. However, you may want the reader to draw his or her own conclusion from the text. First person is very informal and is not appropriate for a research paper. Your paper should be written in the third person.

Avoid statements such as "In my opinion. Anecdotes shift the tone of the paper from academic to personal. The biggest reason for a shift in tone is the introduction of the writer's emotion. Even if you have strong personal opinions on the topic, you should leave them out of your paper.

You want to vary the content of your paper so that it reads smoothly. Overusing parts of speech such as verbs make your paper dull and boring! To write a conclusion for a research paper, start by restating your thesis statements. Then, remind your readers of all the main points you made in your paper by briefly summarizing them.

You can also include a call to action if you think more research or work needs to be done on your topic by writing something like "Despite efforts to contain the disease, more research is needed to develop antibiotics. Essay Conclusions Research Papers. Scrivere la Conclusione per un Saggio di Ricerca. You should briefly restate the topic as well as explaining why it is important.

A good research paper will make the importance of your topic apparent, so you do not need to write an elaborate defense of your topic in the conclusion. Usually a single sentence is all you need to restate your topic. An example would be if you were writing a paper on the epidemiology of an infectious disease, you might say something like "Tuberculosis is a widespread infectious disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year.

Aside from the topic, you should also restate or rephrase your thesis statement. This statement should be rephrased from the thesis you included in your introduction. It should not be identical or too similar to the sentence you originally used.

Try re-wording your thesis statement in a way that complements your summary of the topic of your paper in your first sentence of your conclusion. An example of a good thesis statement, going back to the paper on tuberculosis, would be "Tuberculosis is a widespread disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. Due to the alarming rate of the spread of tuberculosis, particularly in poor countries, medical professionals are implementing new strategies for the diagnosis, treatment, and containment of this disease.

Briefly summarize your main points. Essentially, you need to remind your reader what you told them in the body of the paper. Find a way to briefly restate each point mentioned in each topic sentence in your conclusion. Do not repeat any of the supporting details used within your body paragraphs. Under most circumstances, you should avoid writing new information in your conclusion.

This is especially true if the information is vital to the argument or research presented in your paper. For example, in the TB paper you could summarize the information. In developing countries, such as those in Africa and Southeast Asia, the rate of TB infections is soaring. Crowded conditions, poor sanitation, and lack of access to medical care are all compounding factors in the spread of the disease.

Medical experts, such as those from the World Health Organization are now starting campaigns to go into communities in developing countries and provide diagnostic testing and treatments.

However, the treatments for TB are very harsh and have many side effects. This leads to patient non-compliance and spread of multi-drug resistant strains of the disease. Add the points up. If your paper proceeds in an inductive manner and you have not fully explained the significance of your points yet, you need to do so in your conclusion. If you already fully explained what the points in your paper mean or why they are significant, you do not need to go into them in much detail in your conclusion.

Simply restating your thesis or the significance of your topic should suffice. It is always best practice to address important issues and fully explain your points in the body of your paper. The point of a conclusion to a research paper is to summarize your argument for the reader and, perhaps, to call the reader to action if needed.

Make a call to action when appropriate. If and when needed, you can state to your readers that there is a need for further research on your paper's topic. Note that a call for action is not essential to all conclusions. A research paper on literary criticism, for instance, is less likely to need a call for action than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and young children. A paper that is more likely to call readers to action is one that addresses a public or scientific need.

Let's go back to our example on tuberculosis. This is a very serious disease that is spreading quickly and with antibiotic resistant forms. A call to action in this research paper would be a follow-up statement that might be along the lines of "Despite new efforts to diagnose and contain the disease, more research is needed to develop new antibiotics that will treat the most resistant strains of tuberculosis and ease the side effects of current treatments.

The conclusion of a paper is your opportunity to explain the broader context of the issue you have been discussing. It is also a place to help readers understand why the topic of your paper truly matters. For example, if you are writing a history paper, then you might discuss how the historical topic you discussed matters today. If you are writing about a foreign country, then you might use the conclusion to discuss how the information you shared may help readers understand their own country.

Part 1 Quiz How should you summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion? Reread the topic sentence of each paragraph or section. Briefly restate each point. Do not include your supporting arguments. Avoid introducing new information. All of the above. Stick with a basic synthesis of information. Since this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing it.

Instead of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all together. By doing so, you make your research paper seem like a "complete thought" rather than a collection of random and vaguely related ideas. Bring things full circle. There are several ways to do this. Ask a question in your introduction.

In your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct answer. Write an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. Instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your paper.

For example, if you wanted to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might start your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion.

For example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: The images may or may not appear at other points throughout the research paper. If your research paper presented multiple sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your evidence.

Include enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess detail. If your research did not provide you with a clear-cut answer to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as much. Restate your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your opinion.

Indicate that an answer may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at hand. Instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own conclusion. This may not be appropriate for all types of research papers. Most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper. A good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government policy.

Ask a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper. This question is often the same question, or some version of it, that you may have started out with when you began your research.

Whilst writing the conclusion, you should highlight any deficiencies in your methods , explaining how they may have affected your results. This will allow the next researcher to refine the methodology and learn from your mistakes, one of the foundations of the scientific process. Do your findings open up any suggestions for future research? For a shorter paper, this is not always essential, but you can highlight any possible areas of interest and give some ideas for those following.

Again, this is not always applicable, but you can suggest any practical uses for your findings. For example, if you uncovered a link between diet and the speed at which children learn, you could suggest a short plan for ensuring that children receive good nutrition.

With writing the conclusion finished, you are almost at the end of your research project. All that remains is to perform the proof-reading and formatting , a little bit dull, but a sign that you are in the final stages. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Sep 18, Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4.

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Structure of Your Conclusion

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The conclusion is the last, yet not the easiest part of a research paper. It must summarize the whole paper and explain its main purpose. This section also shouldn’t sound too dry. Any conclusion consists of a few elements, so you can choose different approaches depending on your agenda and the paper type.

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However, in the conclusion, your task is to move from a specific discussion [your research problem] back to a general discussion [i.e., how your research contributes new understanding or fills an important gap in the literature].

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The conclusion allows you to have the final say on the issues you have raised in your paper, to synthesize your thoughts, to demonstrate the importance of your ideas, and to propel your reader to a new view of the subject. Well, you should feel comforted that there are easy ways to succeed in writing up the conclusion paragraph to your research paper. Idea of a Research Paper Conclusion Before you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you .

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Writing a conclusion is the final part of the research paper, drawing everything together and tying it into your initial research. This article is a part of the guide. By learning how to write a conclusion for a research paper, a student may find out the way to impress even the strictest teacher and the rest of the target audience. In this article, we cover all elements of the research paper: from an abstract to a conclusion interpreting the results of the study.