If not, this could bring into question not just the death penalty but all forms of sentencing whether it is capital punishment or not. New neurological research can now predict the likelihood of someone becoming violent and may help with future awareness on these issues. More importantly, there appears to be a general reduction in the number of death sentences even in the countries continuing to uphold the death penalty. It is arguable that countries still using the death penalty do so purely in response to criminality and try to deter future criminals with it.
Ironically, many of the countries that have the death penalty suffer from higher crime rates. The death penalty does not cause the problem but it is merely a response to it. And while the death penalty is usually implemented by autocracy or religious doctrine, it is almost never used in response to actual modern societal values. Therefore, the case against the death penalty is much stronger than the case for it.
This would be the same for anyone who believes that ethics are more important than any of the possible practical benefits. Pro and Con Introduction Officially, thousands of people are sentenced to death every year in countries where the death penalty is practiced. The studies finding for deterrence state such.
Confusion arises when people think that a simple comparison of murder rates and executions, or the lack thereof, can tell the tale of deterrence. Both high and low murder rates are found within death penalty and non death penalty jurisdictions, be it Singapore, South Africa, Sweden or Japan, or the US states of Michigan and Delaware. Many factors are involved in such evaluations.
Reason and common sense tell us that it would be remarkable to find that the most severe criminal sanction -- execution -- deterred none. No one is foolish enough to suggest that the potential for negative consequences does not deter the behavior of some. Therefore, regardless of jurisdiction, having the death penalty will always be an added deterrent to murders, over and above any lesser punishments.
It is often stated that it is the race of the victim which decides who is prosecuted in death penalty cases. Although blacks and whites make up about an equal number of murder victims, capital cases are 6 times more likely to involve white victim murders than black victim murders. This, so the logic goes, is proof that the US only cares about white victims.
Only capital murders, not all murders, are subject to a capital indictment. Generally, a capital murder is limited to murders plus secondary aggravating factors, such as murders involving burglary, carjacking, rape, and additional murders, such as police murders, serial and multiple murders.
White victims are, overwhelmingly, the victims under those circumstances, in ratios nearly identical to the cases found on death row. The US has executed about 0. Is there evidence that wealthier capital murderers are less likely to be executed than their poorer ilk, based upon the proportion of capital murders committed by different those different economic groups?
Not to my knowledge. That would be about 64, murders since I doubt that there is any other crime which receives a higher percentage of maximum sentences, when mandatory sentences are not available. Even the most well known anti death penalty personality in the US, Sister Helen Prejean, author of Dead Man Walking, states that "It is abundantly clear that the Bible depicts murder as a capital crime for which death is considered the appropriate punishment, and one is hard pressed to find a biblical 'proof text' in either the Hebrew Testament or the New Testament which unequivocally refutes this.
Even Jesus' admonition 'Let him without sin cast the first stone,' when He was asked the appropriate punishment for an adulteress John 8: This passage is an 'entrapment' story, which sought to show Jesus' wisdom in besting His adversaries.
It is not an ethical pronouncement about capital punishment. Further supporting the higher rates for specific cases, is this, from the French daily Le Monde December 1: Percentage of respondents in favor of executing Saddam Hussein: Seldom is a more common problem reviewed. That is, how innocents are more at risk without the death penalty. To state the blatantly clear, living murderers, in prison, after release or escape, are much more likely to harm and murder, again, than are executed murderers.
No knowledgeable and honest party questions that the death penalty has the most extensive due process protections in US criminal law. Therefore, actual innocents are more likely to be sentenced to life imprisonment and more likely to die in prison serving under that sentence, that it is that an actual innocent will be executed.
Life is preferred over death. Death is feared more than life. Some believe that all studies with contrary findings negate those 16 studies.
Studies which don't find for deterrence don't say no one is deterred, but that they couldn't measure those deterred. What prospect of a negative outcome doesn't deter some? However, the premier anti death penalty scholar accepts it as a given that the death penalty is a deterrent, but does not believe it to be a greater deterrent than a life sentence.
Yet, the evidence is compelling and un refuted that death is feared more than life. Some death penalty opponents argue against death penalty deterrence, stating that it's a harsher penalty to be locked up without any possibility of getting out. Reality paints a very different picture. What percentage of capital murderers seek a plea bargain to a death sentence? Zero or close to it. They prefer long term imprisonment. What percentage of convicted capital murderers argue for execution in the penalty phase of their capital trial?
What percentage of death row inmates waive their appeals and speed up the execution process? Since most of the prisoners on death row are there for murder, executing them would ensure that they would never kill again. Obsessive murderers, who know no alternative to killing, need to be executed to protect both prison guards and society. This view is perhaps best illustrated through the words of Judge Alfred J.
Talley of New York who explained "If I as an individual have the right to kill in self defense, why has not the state, which is nothing more than an aggregation of individuals, the same right to defend itself against unjust aggression and unjust attack?
About two and a half years ago, my dear cousin, Jaime, became the first victim of a serial killer named Brian Duffy. Jaime, a beautiful twenty-year-old college student at SUNY Binghamton, had been walking back to her dorm after class when she was abducted by Duffy at gunpoint. Wearing a black ski mask and gloves, Jaime's friends were unable to identify him. Having no idea who this man was, they watched in horror as Jaime was grabbed, threatened, and taken away.
Jaime was thrown into the front seat of a red Nissan Sentra with no license plates. Later that day, the police located the vehicle, which had been reported stolen, but Jaime and her abductor where nowhere to be found. There was not a single trace of evidence except for the fact that the car was stolen from Jaime's hometown community. Weeks went by and there were still no answers until the day two women, from Syracuse University, were abducted at gunpoint, the same way that Jaime was.
The police soon realized that the three kidnappings had significant connections linking them together. These three women had all gone to high school together. Not only did they go to the same high school, they had all dated the same man at one point in time- Brian Duffy.
It wasn't long before police tracked him down for questioning. Brian Duffy was arrested in April of for the rape and murder of my cousin Jaime and the two other young women. They were found buried in his backyard, severely decomposed, beaten, and raped. Each of them had a bullet lodged in their brain.
Duffy was sentenced to death two months later. He never stated a motive for what he did, nor did he show remorse. It is now more than two years later and Brian Duffy is still alive and breathing.
Death Penalty The death penalty is a controversial topic in the United States today and has been for a number of years. The death penalty was overturned and then reinstated in the United States during the 's due to questions concerning its fairness.
This assignment instructed students to write a persuasive essay which argues for a specific viewpoint or a specific action to be taken on a societal issue. I argued for a specific stance to be taken on the issue of the death penalty. The audience for this essay is the opinion section of the.
The up front costs of the death penalty are a lot higher than equivalent life without parole cases, but JFA: Justice For All, a criminal justice reform organization, says that life without parole costs over time are from $ to $ million more expensive than death penalty cases. Pro Death Penalty Essay Words 4 Pages Capital punishment and the practice of the death penalty is an issue that is passionately debated in the United States.
Aug 24, · Argumentative Essay: Pro Death Penalty D eath Penalty is a capital punishment. It is used today and was used during ancient times to punish people with a variety of offenses. Capital Punishment Essay - Benefits of the Death Penalty - Benefits of the Death Penalty Have you ever thought about if the person next to you is a killer or a rapist.