Look for the examples of failure and success, and offer your solutions. Men and women should be treated the same way by their employers.
Should fathers be allowed to take paternity leaves as well? How can the level of these suits be decreased? What can employer do to maintain sound interpersonal relationships among the workers? In your research paper, explore how different businesses handle such situations.
Are these methods always legal? Compare at least two affirmative action plans. Look for the strengths and weaknesses in them.
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Let the following interesting topic ideas inspire you: Duress and undue influence when signing a contract. Keeping new business running: Paternity leave for a father: Exclusion from anti-trust laws: Base your research paper on real examples. Avoidance of sexual harassment lawsuits within the company.
Accidents on the work place: Sometimes, companies deliberately keep bad things back from their customers. When can the unauthorized use of a trademark be justified? This report summarizes the cryptocurrency policies and regulatory regimes in 14 jurisdictions around the world. Among the key issues covered in the report are matters relating to the legality of cryptocurrency markets; the tax treatment of cryptocurrencies; and the applicability of anti-money laundering, anti-organized crime, and anti-terrorism-financing laws.
This report contains information on provisions in constitutions and other founding documents specifying an ethnic or religious identity for an Asian or European country. Arbitration is becoming an increasingly important means of settling investment and commercial disputes in Egypt. This chart reports on 32 jurisdictions with constitutional or statutory provisions addressing immunity of current and former presidents.
Where a provision was located specifying whether presidents continue to have immunity after they leave office, such provision is noted. Compacts that receive congressional consent become federal law. A compact typically includes provisions regarding its purpose; specific terms with respect to the subject of the compact; in some cases, establishment of an interstate agency to administer the compact or some other method of administration; sources of funding; and other contract terms.
This report provides a review of laws adopted in Cuba, Iran, Libya, Russia, Sudan, and Syria on lifting the sovereign immunity of foreign states.
Individual lawsuits against the United States brought before national and international courts by these countries are also analyzed. Except for Iran and Russia, the surveyed countries have no specific legislation addressing general principles of sovereign immunity. Iran uses domestic counterterrorism legislation to facilitate the freezing of financial assets of foreign governments.
Syria uses such legislation to freeze the assets of individuals, including government officials, while Sudan uses it simply to prosecute foreign nationals. Cuba and Iran have adopted special laws targeting the US. Each of these countries has a specific statute governing the condition of judges, but Mali stands out as being the only country with a code of judicial ethics.
This report identifies countries where a vote by a supermajority of legislators is required to change or initiate some parliamentary procedures. Following a detailed review of procedural rules accepted by legislatures worldwide, the report includes foreign jurisdictions where legal acts defining parliamentary procedures require a qualified majority vote on a motion to proceed with debating a bill, or to close deliberations and move to voting.
Freedom of peaceful assembly is a recognized right under international human rights law. This report provides a comparative review of one aspect of this right: The report also reviews the relevant case law of the European Court of Human Rights.
Sentencing guidelines in the common law countries of Australia , England and Wales , India , South Africa , and Uganda vary significantly. In India and Australia, no formal guidelines exist and judges retain wide discretion in sentencing, but both countries have mechanisms in place to provide general guidance—in Australia through state legislation and in India through a series of court decisions that identify relevant sentencing factors.
Russia decriminalized nonaggravated battery in July of and made it an administrative offense punishable by a fine or detention. However, repeated battery and battery committed against close relatives remained punishable under the Criminal Code. Russia amended the Criminal Code once again in February of and removed the provision regarding assaulting close relatives from the article on nonaggravated battery.
As a result, violence committed against family members has also been made an administrative offense. Only repeated instances of battery are now prosecuted as criminal offenses and punishable by criminal law.
This report provides a review of laws adopted in 16 countries with regard to legalization, decriminalization, or other forms of regulation of narcotics and other psychoactive substances.
Individual country surveys included in this study demonstrate varied approaches to the problem of prosecuting drug use, possession, manufacturing, purchase, and sale. These reports discuss the charges against and trials involving former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and his family members.
A report on the pending charges discusses the potential penalties for those charges and the applicable burden of proof. A status update is provided discussing the current status of the charges, investigations, and trials. June ; June On June 30, , millions of Egyptians took to the streets to protest what they considered the failed policies of former president Mohammed Morsi and on July 3 the army removed the president from power to stand trial on criminal charges.
This report provides a brief overview of the trial, which began on September 1, It discusses the alleged facts of the case, the charges Morsi faces, and sanctions that could be imposed on Morsi and his aides unders the Egyptian Penal Code if they are convicted. Violence against women has been a significant social and legal problem in Egypt for decades.
The two main legislative instruments protecting women from sexual violence are the Egyptian Constitution of and the Criminal Code of and its amendments. The Egyptian Constitution of not only preserved the rights granted to women by previous Egyptian Constitutions but also introduced more rights aimed at protecting women from other forms of violence and discrimination.
Japan made reforms to its criminal justice system in June by amending its Criminal Procedure Code and other laws. Another reform that was introduced was bargaining between the defendant and the prosecutor. In addition, the scope of evidence that must be disclosed in trials was expanded, and new measures to protect witnesses and victims were introduced. This chart summarizes the legal status of khat Catha edulis , also known as kat, qat, chat, and miraa , a plant whose leaves have a stimulant effect when chewed.
It includes information regarding the legality of khat in each jurisdiction and, where it is banned, the applicable penalties. According to applicable tax laws or secondary sources, khat appears to be legal in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Yemen, but is banned in Jordan.
Its status in Turkey, where it is categorized as a controlled substance, is unclear. Whereas it is legal under Turkish law to produce, sell, import, and export khat with a license, it appears that consumption of the substance is banned.
This report contains short summaries describing warnings similar to the Miranda warning that are required in jurisdictions around the globe. The warnings specified in the surveyed jurisdictions vary, but typically include the right to remain silent and the right to legal counsel.
A number of countries also specify that a person who is arrested or detained has the right to be informed of the reasons for the arrest or detention or of the charges being brought. In some countries, the additional right to have these things explained in a language the detainee understands is explicitly stated.
Countries surveyed that have no Miranda-type warning were not included. This report examines the weapons and equipment generally at the disposal of law enforcement officers in several countries around the world. It also provides, for each of these countries, a brief overview of the rules governing the use of weapons by law enforcement officers.
This report provides information on the law on sports betting and integrity agreements in Australia and Great Britain. Each state and territory has its own legislation that regulates sports betting. Gambling in Great Britain is permitted and regulated by the Gambling Act Internet gambling operations fall within the purview of the Act if one piece of equipment related to online gambling is located within Great Britain.
This report describes the programs of 18 countries and the European Union involving combating human trafficking, with a special focus on the training of personnel.
A majority of the surveyed countries have laws specifically targeting the problem of human trafficking and almost all the surveyed countries are parties to relevant international instruments addressing human trafficking. This report describes the law of twenty jurisdictions on the right to education, and whether the right appears in the national constitution or in statutory law. The jurisdictions selected for review have different constitutional arrangements and reflect diverse political, cultural, and economic experiences.
All of the surveyed jurisdictions recognize the right to education. Fifteen of them provide for the right in their national constitutions, while five provide for the right through legislation. All reflect an interesting diversity in how the right to education is recognized in varied jurisdictions around the globe. This report provides information on select international and regional measures and the laws of 97 jurisdictions from around the world that relate to allowing children to reside in prison with an incarcerated parent.
Additionally, most of jurisdictions surveyed require that prisons that admit children meet certain standards. This report surveys laws governing registration of lobbyists in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
A French law requiring registration will go into effect on July 1, The UK enacted a lobbying registration law in that requires lobbyists whose annual lobbying business reaches a certain threshold to disclose specified information. Germany does not have a mandatory register for lobbyists at the federal level, although it does have a voluntary register. This report discusses the regulation of campaign financing and spending in national elections and the availability of free airtime for campaign advertising in Austria, Canada, Finland, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom.
Specifically, the individual country surveys address the extent to which each country applies limits on the amounts that can be contributed to political parties and candidates, the existence of ceilings on campaign expenditures, and the availability of free airtime for broadcast advertising.
Countries included in this study demonstrate different models used in regulating campaign financing. This report surveys laws and practices regarding feedback on customer satisfaction from users of government services. The jurisdictions selected provide an array of representative approaches to obtaining feedback regarding user satisfaction. Some countries have enacted laws requiring agencies to obtain information on customer satisfaction and incorporate such data into quality improvement efforts.
Many of the countries reviewed here have established programs for evaluating customer satisfaction of public services. Some countries have provided for large-scale, centralize surveying of customer satisfaction. This report contains information on 21 countries on the question of whether a bond, deposit, or fee is required in order to protest procedure in government procurement.
The majority of countries included in this report require the payment of fees for an administrative review. These fees can be forfeited if the claim is found to be frivolous. It was first applied in the federal budget of Details of the debt brake are implemented in articles 13 to 18 of the Financial Budget Act. Compliance is monitored by the Swiss Federal Audit Office.
This report summarizing laws on abortion in selected European countries shows diverse approaches to the regulation of abortion in Europe. A comparative summary with maps is included. This report describes the approval process for medical devices in the European Union and fifteen countries , and also indicates whether or not an expedited approval procedure is available.
Electronic cigarettes in Germany are currently not subject to any age-related access restrictions. The Federal Administrative Court concluded recently that nicotine-containing liquids in electronic cigarettes are not medicinal products and therefore can be sold without approval in accordance with the Medicinal Products Act.
It is still unclear whether such liquids are covered by tobacco regulations and antismoking laws. This report contains discussions of the regulations addressing health emergencies in 25 jurisdictions , including countries from six continents, the European Union, and the World Health Organization. All surveys included in this report review government structures tasked with delivering public health protection, relevant legislative frameworks for addressing health emergencies, and the powers of government institutions in times of health crises and their ability to mitigate the consequences of such crises.
Analyses of the regulation of such issues as disease surveillance and notification systems are also provided. A comparative summary and a bibliography are included. This report surveys 71 foreign countries , plus the United States and the European Union , on the issue of whether their laws permit legal immigrants to bring family members into the country for purposes of residence.
For many of the jurisdictions covered, the information provided focuses exclusively on family reunification for permanent residents.
A bibliography of selected international and comparative law sources is provided. This report surveys laws related to asylum granting procedures in countries that are States Parties to the U. It identifies fees charged to applicants in connection with an application for asylum. According to the research findings, the vast majority of countries do not charge a fee for applying for asylum.
The rising number of asylum seekers and immigrants in the late s made migration policy a focus of the federal elections in The Migration Act overhauled German migration policy and placed the focus on long-term residency for migrants, in particular for skilled workers, and on integration measures.
The latest amendment to the migration framework, the Integration Act, entered into force in August This report surveys the laws related to the treatment of undocumented migrants who arrived as minors, their eligibility for obtaining legal status and access to social benefits, and their possibilities for becoming citizens.
Additionally, all country surveys provide a general overview of national migration legislation, and past amnesty programs are reviewed to illustrate national efforts in resolving problems involving the legalization of undocumented youth.
A comparative summary and map is included. A New Zealand case involving an application for refugee status based on the effects of climate change in the Pacific Island nation of Kiribati has received media attention around the world. This report surveys the laws of eight democratic foreign jurisdictions with respect to whether there are special laws concerning children asylum-seekers, particularly unaccompanied children.
As discussed more fully in the jurisdictional surveys, all of the jurisdictions covered in this report have provisions treating asylum-seeking minors differently from asylum-seeking adults. This report describes the law and policy on refugees and other asylum seekers in 22 geographically dispersed countries and, at the supranational level, in the European Union. The individual surveys cover such topics as participation in relevant international conventions; laws and regulations governing the admission of refugees and handling refugee claims; processes for handling refugees arriving at the border; procedures for evaluating whether an applicant is entitled to refugee status; the accommodations and assistance provided to refugees in the jurisdiction; requirements for naturalization; and whether asylum policy has been affected by international emergencies, such as the current refugee crisis in Europe.
This report provides information on the laws of Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Israel, Sweden, and the United Kingdom regarding the right to counsel for detained migrants.
All countries included in the study allow detained migrants to be assisted by a lawyer. In most of the countries, it is up to the migrant or asylum seeker to hire counsel; the government does not have an obligation to provide legal services to a person who entered the country without a valid visa or is subject to deportation.
The country surveys reveal a wide variety of legal and regulatory approaches to this issue and the involvement of an array of actors at various jurisdictional levels.
This report surveys laws regulating the mandatory legal deposit of electronic materials. Each country survey provides information on the history of e-deposit programs in the country, identifies the national institutions charged with collecting and preserving electronic materials, analyzes the legal framework for depositing digital materials, lists the requirements applicable to publishers of such material, and describes the measures taken to bring e-deposit programs in line with the restrictions established by national copyright laws.
This report contains data on countries, indicating whether or not published books are subject to a mandatory deposit requirement at the national level and, if so, how many copies are required, where they must be deposited, and whether the deposit is part of the copyright system. Citations to the controlling legislation for mandatory deposits are provided. In all but 13 of the jurisdictions surveyed, deposits are required.
For some of these thirteen jurisdictions, deposits are voluntary, while in others, no information regarding deposit practices could be found. Asterisks in the copyright system column indicate that the deposit requirement is contained in the copyright law.
The Law Library of Congress produces reports primarily for members of Congress. The legal research reports listed below by topic provide commentary and recommended resources on issues and events. These reports are provided for reference purposes only and do not constitute legal advice.
Find research guides and other resources by topic, from Administrative Law to World Trade Law. Find research guides and other resources by topic, from Administrative Law to World Trade Law. Resources For: Legal Research & Writing. Finding a Paper Topic (Research Guide) HLS Dissertations, Theses, and Third Year Papers (Research Guide).
Ideas for Research Paper Topics in International and Comparative Law Below is a list of webpages to visit to get ideas for research paper topics in international and comparative law. Click on the blue links to go directly to those pages. Areas of Law Questia, your online research library and paper writing resource, contains thousands of scholarly articles and books in the Areas of Law. Because the legal system is in reference to every part of societal involvement, it is divided into areas of practice that attorneys, plaintiffs, prosecutors, and judges can identify for a case.
Sep 10, · Law Teacher have prepared a number of Law Dissertation Topic Examples to help you create a dissertation topic of your own. Law Essay Writing Service; Law Assignment Writing Service; Law Dissertation Topics & Ideas. Research within librarian-selected research topics on Criminal Law from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.