This is a complex topic, with many exceptions, and there is no consistency we can rely on among blogs, books, newspapers, and magazines. This chapter will confine itself to rules that all media seem to agree on.
Spell out all numbers beginning a sentence. Twenty-three hundred sixty-one victims were hospitalized. Nineteen fifty-six was quite a year. Hyphenate all compound numbers from twenty-one through ninety-nine. Forty-three people were injured in the train wreck.
Twenty-seven of them were hospitalized. Hyphenate all written-out fractions. We recovered about two-thirds of the stolen cash.
One-half is slightly less than five-eighths. With figures of four or more digits, use commas. Count three spaces to the left to place the first comma. Continue placing commas after every three digits.
Some choose not to use commas with four-digit numbers, but this practice is not recommended. It is not necessary to use a decimal point or a dollar sign when writing out sums of less than a dollar.
He had only sixty cents. OR He had only 60 cents. Do not add the word "dollars" to figures preceded by a dollar sign. For clarity, use noon and midnight rather than AM and PM are also written A. Some put a space between the time and AM or PM.
There is no reason to capitalize two or place a comma after thousand. Can you tell me which is correct for a book cover title? I need help to figure out how to write 1 in words. Or is it some other answer. The style manuals recommend using a numeral to express such a large number in formal prose. If you had to write it out, in accordance with our Rule 8a of Writing Numbers , it would be one million one hundred fifty thousand thirty.
If you turn the sentence around, you will see that the subject percent agrees with the verb is. The Style Manual advises to write the words for numbers one to nine.
Does that mean 1. The best advice is to choose a formula and stay consistent. As our post Writing Numbers indicates, the major style guides all recommend writing the number in numerals.
Therefore, your sentence is correct as written. If you insist on writing it out: In legal writing, we use the word format followed by the numeric format in parenthesis. When a hyphen is involved, would you only include that after the parenthesis or before the parenthesis. Or would you omit the hyphen? Enter your time in ten 10 -minute increments. OR Enter your time in ten- 10 minute increments. None of the style guides we consulted address this issue.
Since legal documents have their own set of rules, we recommend consulting a legal style manual. However, if we were forced to take a guess at how this should be expressed, we would lean toward a format that is simple to understand.
If you are required to always spell out numbers then follow with digits, our preference would be Enter your time in ten-minute minute increments. We do not recommend using the mathematical plus sign in that manner in formal writing. To avoid confusion, we recommend writing plus years , or, depending on the context, over 22 years.
Can you still use numerals for ease of reading comprehension in certain instances where the sentence is proceeding at a very rapid clip? We do not recommend using numerals for numbers less than ten in formal writing. See Rules for Writing Numbers. Please ensure that your question or comment relates to the topic of the blog post.
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Decimals are always written as numerals for clarity and accuracy. To revisit our library example, perhaps circulation statistics improved in If a number falls in the range of one to ten and is not a whole number, it should be written as a numeral. The circulation of library materials increased by four point five percent in The circulation of library materials increased by 4. When two numbers come next to each other in a sentence, be sure to spell out one of these numbers.
The main purpose of this rule is to avoid confusing the reader. There were 12 4-year-old children waiting for the librarian to begin story time. There were twelve 4-year-old children waiting for the librarian to begin story time. There were 12 four-year-old children waiting for the librarian to begin story time.
Always strive for consistency, even if it overrides a previous rule. For example, if your document uses numbers frequently, it is more appropriate for all numbers to remain as numerals to ensure that usage is uniform throughout.
Similarly, if a single sentence combines small and large numbers, make sure that all the numbers are either spelled out or written as numerals. The library acquired five new mystery novels, 12 new desktop computers, and 17 new periodicals. The library acquired 5 new mystery novels, 12 new desktop computers, and 17 new periodicals.
If your work must follow the rules of a specific style guide, understand that they all have rules for spelling out numbers that may differ slightly from the rules listed above. For example, MLA style indicates that writers may spell out numbers if they are not used too frequently in the document and can be represented with one or two words e. APA style advises that common fractions e.
When writing a check, you need to write out the amount using words (in addition to the numerals in the dollar box). This helps to prevent confusion and fraud — numerals can easily be altered or misunderstood, but an amount in words is much harder to tamper with.
Writing Numbers Except for a few basic rules, spelling out numbers vs. using figures (also called numerals) is largely a matter of writers' preference. Again, consistency is the key.
For general writing, most guides agree that you should use words for the numbers one through nine, but for larger numbers the rules vary wildly from style guide to style guide. Some say to use words for the numbers one to one hundred, one to ten, any word that can be written with one or two words, and so on. Convert a number to USD currency and check writing amounts rounded to 2 decimal places. Choose to have words for the numbers in lowercase, uppercase or title case to easily copy and paste to another application. This converter will convert numbers to words and figures to words.
Spell out numbers under 10 (zero through nine), and use the numeric symbols for numbers 10 and up. I bought eight candy bars from the vending machine. I average eating 29 candy bars per month. Spell out numbers that begin sentences, but try to avoid long clunky ones. The Rules for Writing Numbers Reviewing the Rules. Share Flipboard Email Print Spell out numbers above ten, unless writing the number would involve using more than two words. For example: I have sixty-three dead bugs in my collection.