Mount Vesuvius is the most dangerous volcano in Europe and is the only European mainland volcano to erupt in the last years. The number of deaths impacts society because it wipes part of the population away. This leaves survivors traumatised and family members impacted emotionally.
In the context of a nation, a natural disaster in a populated area could easily cause an economic slump. The loss of business and the reduction in tourists to the surrounding areas can shut down companies and cause increasing levels of unemployment.
It also encourages emigration, which promotes long-term negative economic effects. Politically, there are two things which usually happen. The governing party of a country acts to aid the affected victims and it changes the ideologies and views of the citizenry.
It also distracts them from any other pressing issues which the government has been dealing with. To some in politics, they take the cynical view of a natural disaster being a welcome relief for a government under fire. Alternatively, the political effects become damaging.
Overall, a natural disaster goes further than just to change the lives of people directly impacted. It goes on to change the way a country does business, acts, and even the way it thinks.
The rapid and constant development of the city and the flouting of rules and regulations caused blockage and choking of the Mithi river that flows through a part of the city and used to carry off excess water to the sea. Violations of coastal regulation zone rules, development on green and no- development zones, building on areas marked for parks and open spaces all of this ensured that what little open space the city now had was not enough to absorb heavy rain.
An ancient and badly maintained drainage system added to the problem. In , more than eight states suffered the impact of severe drought. The states most exposed to cyclone-related hazards, including strong winds, floods and storm surges, are West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu along the Bay of Bengal. The impact of these cyclones is confined to the coastal districts, the maximum destruction being within km from the centre of the cyclone and on either side of the storm track.
The worst devastation takes place when and where the peak surge occurs at the time of the high tide. The population density in some of the coastal districts is as high as persons per square km.
Cyclones have a devastating effect on the economy and lives of the people in the affected districts. A very large population in the affected districts loose its source of livelihood.
Public infrastructure suffers extensive damage. The economy of the state suffers a serious setback. This has an adverse impact on the development of the state. Some of the most devastating earthquakes in India in the past include the Kashmir earthquake in , the Kutch earthquakes and , the Shillong earthquake of , the Kangra earthquake of , the Bihar-Nepal earthquake of , the North-East and Assam earthquake of , the Anjar earthquake in Gujarat of, etc. What made the earthquake more tragic was that many parts of the state were reeling under a drought for the second successive year.
Kutch was facing drinking water and fodder scarcity. Men had migrated for work leaving women and children behind. Thus it was the poorest and the most vulnerable who were affected. The peninsular part of India comprises continental crust regions, which are considered stable as they are far from the tectonic activity of the boundaries.
Mar 11, · A natural disaster is an event caused by natural destructive factors, which can be further divided into either climatic disasters such as floods and tornados, or geological disasters such as earthquakes, which consequently lead to great physical damage or life loss (Bankoff, , 56).
Natural disasters happen all over the world, and they can be utterly devastating for people’s lives and the environments in which they live.
This essay seeks to provide an overview of insurance specifically on assessment, measurement and management of both man-made risks and natural disaster risks. The essay further highlights the formulas adopted in measuring man-made risks. There have been natural disasters that have occurred in every country on every continent in the world that you could write about for your natural disasters essay. Your summary 5/5.
A natural disaster is unforeseen, severe and immediate. Pollution, ozone depletion in the stratosphere and global warming come in this category. Natural disasters include cyclones, earthquakes, floods, drought (though these two are now being increasingly considered ‘man- made’ disasters) heat and cold waves, landslides, avalanches, flash . The responses to natural disasters have been to invest in early warning systems that tend to protect lives and properties (FEMA, Disasters ). People should manage natural disasters by bringing new emphasis to research, preparedness, response, and recovery.