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Types of essay

Research Proposal Example and Sample

❶You should give an overview of your studies and interest others to go on reading. Some articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them.

Writing a Research Proposal

Structure of the research proposal
Before You Start: Pre-Writing Strategies

The research problem The next major section should illustrate the research problem. Remember that not all of your readers may believe that the topic of the project is worth investigating. As a result, you will need to make a solid case demonstrating the necessity of the research. Describe the problem and give background to illustrate the fact that there is a problem. For example, if your research is about the recidivism of sex offenders in United States prisons, you might explain the problem in terms of statistics about recidivism and provide a thorough background of the problem.

Then, you should describe the research question, or the question that will drive your research effort. For example, your research question might be "Does the use of rehabilitation programs, such as therapy, education programs, or work programs reduce the recidivism of convicted sex offenders after they leave United States prisons? For example, did the question arise from personal experience, an academic debate, or a recent news item? Explain what sparked your interest.

Positioning the research This positioning of the research usually is part of an extended literature review of several pages, although it can be a short section of approximately words, or two single-spaced pages. The length depends on the purpose of the research proposal as well as the guidelines given to you. The primary purpose of the literature review is to demonstrate that you understand the background of the topic and that you have conducted a thorough investigation of similar research.

Focus on the most important, or most relevant studies and theories. Some students have problems with this section because they erroneously believe that there is not enough research about their topic to include in a literature review. However, no research project is an entirely new topic; rather, new research represents a new angle on a topic. For example, if your research is about the use of social media to make political arguments, while it is true that social media is a fairly recent phenomenon, there has been other research conducted about persuasion using social media, as well as other research involving political arguments.

Explain how your research adds to the conversation. Build upon previous research to provide evidence for the need for your research. Tell the audience how your research will shed new light on the subject. Research methodology After the literature review, you should have a short but detailed section that describes the methodology of your research. The length of this section can span from words to over words, depending on the guidelines you are working with as well as the complexity of the research question and the research design.

Before you begin, it is important to plan the research method. Find a methodology that fits what you are attempting to study. For example, if you are comparing English and German translations of a key text, including changes in meaning and format in the text, you might choose to use comparative analysis as a methodology.

If this were the case, you would need to explain what comparative analysis is as well as provide references from other scholars who have used the methodology in a similar study. In addition to explaining the methodology, you should explain how specifically you will carry out the study.

For example, if you will be conducting a comparative analysis in which you look at the differences between two texts, you might outline the categories of differences you are looking for, such as translation changes, changes in meaning, and changes in format. Then, explain in detail how you plan to analyze the data. Go through your planned procedure step by step so the audience can understand precisely what you plan to do and how you plan to do it. It is also helpful to provide a timeline for your research so the audience can determine if your study can be conducted within the allotted period of time.

Begin the timeline with the date that the committee or audience will make a decision about the proposal. Then, continue with a detailed timeline that explains how long each step of the process will take, from the research to writing up and publishing or presenting the study. Authorisation request Conclude the proposal with a request for the audience or the committee to approve your proposal and allow you to conduct the research.

Provide contact information in case they have questions about the proposal. Finally, thank the audience or committee for their time and consideration. References After the proposal is finished, list all of your references. The reference section should be clearly labeled and it should begin on a new page.

The length of the reference section depends on the number of references you cited within the paper. In the second part of the research paper I analyse the main issues and difficulties with the situation of national minorities in the Baltic States and respective legal frameworks. One of the main difficulties with the situation of minorities seems to be the insufficient integration.

Internal and international security issues in relation to the protection of minority rights are being discussed as well. In the third part I seek to find solutions for improving the protection of human rights in the Baltic States and particularly the update of legislation concerning ethnic minorities.

There is a need to develop and implement legal framework to stimulate the protection of human rights. The stipulation of human rights needs to be applied in practice guaranteeing equality in law on paper and in reality. The Baltic States as post-modern democratic states are obliged under international treaties to guarantee human rights protection in their societies for the sake of international peace and security.

In this section I presented the thesis of my research paper. In this case the thesis is formulated as a statement which I need to defend in my paper by providing compelling arguments supported by the information in various sources.

Sometimes a thesis can be formulated as a question that needs to be answered or a problem that needs to be resolved. However, you should make sure whether there are any specific requirements or limitations set by your university, college or professor in the subject matter.

In the outline of my research paper I have provided an overview of the issues to be discussed in the paper. I have presented the discussion points in a linear order and divided them into three parts demonstrating the planned course of the paper.

The outline of your paper has to be envisioned in a logical manner considering also the audience of your research. Be clear and concise and explain the concepts or terms you intend to use in a simple language. It is an added bonus if people can benefit any new ideas or information from your work. This book provides information and analysis of the Soviet empire fall and re-independence of the Baltic States.

It is a valuable source to give the necessary overview of historical background from socialist to post-independence multi-ethnic societies, the collapse of the USSR and its impact on the societies. It is a comparative overview and information about self-determination and population policies in three Baltic States. The book examines how the struggle for national self-determination and the re-establishment of state sovereignty has reconstituted ethnic relations by focusing on what has emerged the most burning political issue, that of the ethnic minorities question.

This book discusses human rights issues in the former soviet republics, concentrating on the ethnic diversities situation, nationalism and envisages also international law requirements on human rights issues and their implementation in the Baltic States.

Thus it provides information about the connection between human rights protection and international peace and security.

The annotated bibliography is to provide evidence that you have performed academic research in the chosen topic and assessed the value of the sources to the paper.

Make sure you use a combination of literature and not only internet sources. I have presented also few further sources that are professional journal articles in the chosen topic. Although I have given only five sources in my sample research proposal the usual requirements are much higher. Depending on the university, college or the subject the minimum number of sources to be used is usually seven to ten sources.

Purpose of the research proposal

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Writing a research proposal is rightfully considered as one of the most complex tasks and requires mastery of multiple skills. It is a paper, which aims to deliver a brief information on the research you want to conduct, explaining the main reasons why it will be useful for the reader and for the society.

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A research proposal is the first step in writing your project, which means that it is the most critical part of your research. Now, you may be passionate about your selected topic, but you still need specialized knowledge in your area of interest.

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The goal of a research proposal is to present and justify the need to study a research problem and to present the practical ways in which the proposed study should be conducted. The design elements and procedures for conducting the research are governed by standards within the predominant discipline. Custom research proposal writing is often a hurdle which is hard to overcome since it is distinct from essays or research papers. Obviously, such a task is a serious and lengthy endeavor. It requires discipline, in-depth research, perseverance in writing and editing, and much more.

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Sample Research Paper Proposal (ANNOTATED) Notes: A standard research paper proposal should not in general be longer than ten per cent of the total length of your planned example, if the required word limit for your research paper cannot exceed ten thousand words, the proposal should be approximately one thousand words in total. Proposal of a Research Essay: Ethnicity and Race - The following proposal consists of five parts which summarize our aims and sources for our assessment of research essay: 1. The broad topic that we have selected is Ethnicity and Race.