Skip Nav

William Shakespeare, his Life, Works and Influence

Life Before the Stage

❶In practice, this meant that his verse was usually unrhymed and consisted of ten syllables to a line, spoken with a stress on every second syllable.

William Shakespeare Poems

Shakespeare’s Childhood and Family Life
Folger Consort

Between and , he began a So why are you waiting for? Call here For more info: At first, the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms. Then the whining schoolboy, with his satchel And shining morning face, creeping like snail Unwillingly to school. And then the lover, Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress' eyebrow.

As a commoner, Shakespeare's education was thought to finish at the grammar school level as there is no record of him attending university, which was a luxury reserved for upper-class families. In , an year-old Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway, who, on the occasion of her wedding, was 26 years old and already with child. Hathaway gave birth to the couple's first child six months later, a daughter named Susanna, with twins, named Hamnet and Judith, following two years later in Hamnet died at the age of 11 from unknown reasons.

After the birth of his twins in , Shakespeare disappeared from public record until , when his works began appearing on the London stage. These seven years are known as "Shakespeare's Lost Years," and have been the source of various stories that remain unverified, including a salacious story involving Shakespeare escaping Stratford prosecution for deer poaching.

This story, among others, are solely entertainment and are not considered as part of the canon that makes up the playwright's personal life. William Shakespeare first made his appearance on the London stage, where his plays would be written and performed, around , although the exact date is unknown. He was, however, well known enough to be attacked by critics in newspapers, and thus was considered to be already an established playwright.

After the year , Shakespeare's plays were solely performed by a company owned by a group of actors known as the Lord Chamberlain's Men, which became London's leading company.

After Queen Elizabeth's death in , the company was given a royal patent that renamed it the King's Men, named so after King James I. Shakespeare, along with a group of players that acted in his play, created his own theatre on the River Thames in and named it the Globe Theatre. After that, a record of property purchases and investments made by Shakespeare showed the playwright had become a very wealthy man, so much so that he bought properties in London and Stratford for himself and his family, as he spent most of his time in London.

It was in that the first known quartos of Shakespeare's plays were published, solidifying his reputation by when his name became the selling point in new productions. This led to his success as both an actor on stage and a playwright, and his name was published on the title page of his plays. Shakespeare continued to work with his company of men at the Globe Theatre until around , the year that he retired from working on the stage.

He, however, continued to support the Globe Theatre, including buying apartments for playwrights and actors to live in, all of which were near to the theatre. Shakespeare retired from public life in , right after the bubonic plague began to subside its attack on London.

This act was unusual for the time, but he was by no means less active. In fact, the playwright continued to make frequent trips to London to collaborate with other playwrights, such as John Fletcher, and to spend time with his son-in-law John Hall, who married his elder daughter Susanna in The playwright was an active dramatist and writer up until when the last of his great works was finished.

From then on, Shakespeare spent most of his time in Stratford-upon-Avon, where he had purchased the second-largest home in town for his family.

Some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them. Printed by Valentine Simmes for Andrew Wise, Newly Corrected, Augmented, and Amended London: Printed by Thomas Creede for Cuthbert Burby, Printed by William White for Cuthbert Burby, The History of Henrie the Fourth [part 1] London: Printed by Peter Short for Andrew Wise, The Passionate Pilgrime , attributed to Shakespeare London: A Midsommer Nights Dreame London: Bradock for Thomas Fisher, Printed by James Roberts for Thomas Heyes, Much Adoe about Nothing London: The Phoenix and Turtle , appended to Loves Martyr: Printed by Richard Field for E.

Printed by Thomas Creede for Arthur Johnson, Printed by James Roberts for Nicholas Ling, Okes for Nathaniel Butter, The Historie of Troylus and Cresseida London: Eld for Thomas Thorpe, sold by W.

White for Henry Gosson, Printed by Nicholas Okes for Thomas Walkley, Published according to the True Originall Copies London: Printed by Thomas Cotes for John Waterson, Modern Language Association of America, Cambridge University Press, Ginn, ; revised by Irving Ribner Waltham, Mass.: Shakespeare Quarto Facsimiles , 14 volumes, edited by W.

Greg and Charlton Hinman Oxford: Collins, ; New York: The Arden Shakespeare , 38 volumes to date, general editors, Harold F.

Brooks and Harold Jenkins London: Scott Foresman, ; revised again by Bevington Glenview, Ill.: Scott Foresman, ; revised again by Bevington New York: The New Penguin Shakespeare , general editor, T. Spencer, 33 volumes to date Harmondsworth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, The Riverside Shakespeare , general editor, G.

Yale University Press, Shakespeare's Plays in Quarto: Huntington Library , edited by Michael J. Allen and Kenneth Muir Berkeley: University of California Press, Love's Labor's Lost , perhaps at the country house of a great lord, such as the earl of Southampton, circa ; London, at court, Christmas King John , London, the Theatre, circa Richard II , London, the Theatre, circa Romeo and Juliet , London, the Theatre, circa The Merchant of Venice , London, the Theatre, circa Henry IV , part 1, London, the Theatre, circa Henry IV , part 2, London, the Theatre, circa Henry V , London, Globe theater?

Julius Caesar , London, Globe theater, 21 September Hamlet , London, Globe theater, circa Twelfth Night , London, at court? Troilus and Cressida , London, Globe theater? Measure for Measure , London, Globe theater? Othello , London, Globe theater? King Lear , London, Globe theater? Timon of Athens possibly unperformed during Shakespeare's lifetime ; possibly London, Globe theater, circa Macbeth , London, Globe theater? Antony and Cleopatra , London, Globe theater, circa Pericles , possibly by Shakespeare and George Wilkins, London, at court, between January and November ; London, Globe theater, probably circa Coriolanus , London, Globe theater, circa Cymbeline , London, Blackfriars theater or Globe theater, The Tempest , London, at court, 1 November Walter Ebish and Levin L.

Schucking, A Shakespeare Bibliography Oxford: Champion, The Essential Shakespeare: Drama and the Elizabethan Succession London: Royal Historical Society, Oxford University Press, , pp. Ian Donaldson, The Rapes of Lucretia: A Myth and Its Transformations Oxford: Oxford University Press, Heather Dubrow, Captive Victors: Cornell University Press, Cambridge University Press, , pp. University of Chicago Press, Joel Fineman, Shakespeare's Perjured Eye: Methuen, , pp.

Essays on Renaissance Romance , edited by George M. Logan and Gordon Teskey Ithaca, N. Cornell University Press, , pp. The Lost Years Manchester: Manchester University Press, Clark Hulse, Metamorphic Verse: Princeton University Press, Dennis Kay, William Shakespeare: Rutgers University Press, John Kerrigan, Motives of Woe: Shakespeare and the "Female Complaint" Oxford: Marotti, "'Love is not Love': Harvey and Katharine Eisaman Maus Chicago: University of Chicago Press, , pp.

Maus, "Taking Tropes Seriously: Georgio Melchiori, Shakespeare's Dramatic Meditations: An Experiment in Criticism Oxford:

Quick Links -

Main Topics

Privacy Policy

Welcome to the Web's first edition of the Complete Works of William Shakespeare. This site has offered Shakespeare's plays and poetry to the Internet community since For other Shakespeare resources, visit the Mr. William Shakespeare and the Internet Web site. The original electronic source for this server was the Complete Moby(tm) .

Privacy FAQs

Shakespeare wrote at least 38 plays and over short and long poems, many of which are considered to be the finest ever written in English. His works have been translated into every major living.

About Our Ads

The Writing Style of William Shakespeare by Freelance Writing Some of the most famous lines in the history of literature come from the writings of William Shakespeare. William Shakespeare, his Life, Works and Influence William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright who is considered one of the greatest writers to ever use the English language. He is also the most famous playwright in the world, with his plays being translated in over 50 languages and performed across the globe for audiences of all .

Cookie Info

Shakespeare's writing features extensive wordplay of double entendres and clever rhetorical flourishes. Humour is a key element in all of Shakespeare's plays. His works have been considered controversial through the centuries for . While William Shakespeare’s reputation is based primarily on his plays, he became famous first as a poet. With the partial exception of the Sonnets (), quarried since the early 19th century for autobiographical secrets allegedly encoded in them, the nondramatic writings have traditionally been pushed to the margins of the Shakespeare .