Again, the percentage of households in the higher income category was 3. The size of total urban population increased from about 26 million in to 62 million in , showing an increase of 36 million in just 50 years. But during the next three decades , the absolute increase was to the extent of 94 million and this shows that the population absorption capacity in urban areas has increased substantially due to industrialisation in the country.
The census data shows that the annual growth rate of urban population which was 3. Measurement of the degree of urbanisation in a country like India is considered very important. Various measures are being used for the purpose.
As per the first simple method we observed that the total urban population in India in was a little less than one fourth of the total population in comparison to that of one-ninth in and one-sixth in The second method, i. Third method showing the growth of urban population reveals that as the total population of the country rose by about three times since but the total urban population of the country increased by about six-times.
Thus all the methods observed more or less same results. If we compare degree of urbanisation in India with that of developed countries then we can find that India is lagging far behind the high-income countries. In , the proportion of urban population to total population was 92 per cent in U. In India, towns are classified into six different classes.
From the census data, it has been observed that in Class I town having a population more than 1 lakh the proportion of urban population concentration has increased from Thus there is an increasing trend towards huge concentration of population in the bigger towns. In Class II and Class III towns together, the proportion of urban population remained almost constant at the level of 26 to 28 per cent during the period But in the remaining Class IV, Class V and Class VI towns together, the relative proportion of urban population concentration declined sharply from Besides continuation of urbanisation process, a number of Class II towns have been transformed into a Class I town and the number of Class I towns has thus increased from 74 in to in Accordingly, the total population of Class I towns also increased from lakhs in to lakh in showing an increase of nearly per cent.
During the same period, the number of Class II towns has increased from 95 to and that of Class III towns increased from to in While the number of class IV towns has increased from 85 lakh to lakh, the number of Class V and class VI towns and their total population declined sharply during the same period. Again the number of big cities with million plus population has increased from 12 in to 27 in and their total population also increased from As per census the size of population of four-cities of India are Rapid urbanisation is taking place in different parts of the country in and around some big cities and towns of the country.
The growing trend of urbanisation as reflected in growing concentration of major proportion of urban population in some big cities. The factors which are largely responsible for such rapid urbanisations are mentioned below: Rapid unbanisation is taking place as a result of high rate of natural increase in population. Natural increase is taking place when the birth rate in urban areas exceeds the death rate. The natural growth rate of urban population is higher than that of rural due to higher net survival rate arising out of better health and medical facilities.
Improvement in health and medical facilities, drinking water supply and sanitation facilities have reduced the incidence of water-borne diseases, communicable diseases etc. Accordingly, the birth rate in urban areas in was estimated at Thus the natural growth rate is stated too high because of large difference between birth and death rates.
The death rate in urban areas declined considerably due to better availability of medical and health service, safe drinking water supply and improved sanitation facilities. This natural increase in population is largely responsible for phenomenal growth of population in urban areas i. Rural-urban migration is considered another important factor responsible for rapid urbanisation in India. The rural to urban migrations have been resulted due to many factors during the post independence period.
Although urbanisation did bring prosperity to London, H. Shmal has suggesed that high levels of urbanisation actually limited the possiblities of productive investement, especially in the new sectors and consumption demanded from the cities and even the construction needed to be absorbed to a large share of resources, that ultimately resulted in poor living and unhealthy living conditions.
Accessed September 14, We will write a custom essay sample on Urbanisation specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less. How to cite this page Choose cite format: Is the model of urbanisation working in the modern world?
How about make it original? India sure has made s0me significant improvements in different fields, but urbanisation and its related problems are giving a lot of trouble to both Indian government and people of this country. The government talks about smart cities, but the reality of urbanisation of India is nothing but a web of powerless authority and increasing inequality in society because of economic background.
The figure of population growth in urban parts of India between the years to was 1. This rate has increased and will keep on growing, and it will also make the associated problems severe. It is essential to come up with better planning and management to tackle the issues associated with urbanisation for the betterment of the country.
It is expected that India will add million people in its urban population from to This expected population growth can even cross the predicted figure to the fore coming future. On taking the advantages and disadvantages of urbanisation into consideration for deciding how it would impact the future generation it can be said for sure that if urbanisation is not managed and planned correctly, then people all around the globe will have to suffer a lot in the inevitable future.
The lack of shelter, food, water and other necessary amnesties will be a prevalent cause of death in the future and in addition to that, there will be a significant rise in crime rate. Students can use points from this urbanisation essay to structure their essay. You can provide suggestions in the comment section.
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